oIn terms of effectiveness of community policing; where has been
tried and implemented in a way that captures the essence of
community policing has shown success and promising results.
Deploy police officers very visible in the community; public
perception of safety, and here it is shown to have a lot of effect,
notable effect on things like fear of crime. Some groups like
community policing; some don’t like it, and some say community
policing---more targed on certain communities so don’t like it.
People talk about satisfaction, much more confident.
oJUST SUMMARIZED POLICE HISTORY
•Robert RHINER, and PETER Wannigton—given us insights—almost
in terms of police culture* look at the article
Police work and culture:
•We have some good data in this area.
•Police effectiveness, oversight mechanisms, we have good research.
•What does policing actually look like?
•We know from research 98% of all police budgets are dedicated for
•Of the budget that is actually allocated to police work, 60% of the
remaining budget gets spent on patrol work. ---this includes criminal
investigation and traffic work.
•Patrol work: meant to control crime, meant to maintain order, and this
is usually very typically done in uniform.
•Pre 1990s, almost exclusively in cars. No longer based on automobile
•This patrolling: reactive or proactive.
•If you’re going to control in automobile; than going to call it reactive.
•If you do it on foot, much about proactive.
•We see a lot of patrol studies and is based on enthnographic research.
Research gets together with the police and observe from the shift.
What we know from the literature from the 60s and 70s, lots of
information about the police officers.
•Only a small portion of what police officers actually do are crime
•The great majority have very little to do with crime, depending on a
particular study, only between 10 to 25 percent of all calls to the police
had something to do with crime.
•Changed somewhat in the 1990s—has suggested that a growing
proportion of calls coming into the police are crime related calls,
particularly in urban areas.