Domestic Work

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Women and Gender Studies
June Larkin

Sexual Division of Labour in the Family  Allocation of jobs and responsibilities according to gender  Emotion labour (rmbing the birthdays, anniversaries, card sending, etc) Housewife  Denotes the private sphere as women's place  Signals the lack of a relationship to the labour market o Having children = less time to work or just stay home  Secondary (compare with men, breadwinner)  Why measuring unpaid household work is important? o Women do more hours of housework whereas the men do the less o So there can be comparisons and studies (has it shifted in modern times?) o What about children? (how they're socialized over time) o How many people take on a lot of housework while doing paid work Arlie Hochschild  Second shift o Females working at paid job and then going home to do more work Assumptions re nuclear family  Unit utility-maximizing  Family outcomes harmonious  Unit indivisible re interests  Unit represented by head (benevolent patriarch) o Nuclear families seem more functional to society o Rewards from society (tax, kids won't be bullied for being in a structural fam, etc) o The man looks out for the family (asking to speak to the man of the household) Inside the "black box" of the household: |the problem that has no name | Betty Friedan  American writer and activist  The Feminine Mystique o The problem with no name o What takes place inside households  Confined to domestic chores  Domestic made women depend on the men for breadwinning  Men benefited this directly and indirectly  Direct: the man doesn't having to do stuff when he's home for work  Indirect: frees up his time for him to do what he wants  Inequality within household/tension  Gender and generational |Myths| About Housework  It is natural/biological, and therefore not work o Feral female children do not know how to do housework o Historically it has never been this way o How does the ability to bear children = housework ? What about women who don't want child/have children o
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