Gender, Race, & Colonizing Knowledge October 9 , 2013
Race, Colonialism and Mental Illness
The 3 Pillars of White Supremacy
Lee Maracle: Ravensong
Intersex and Intersectionality are different. Intersex are people whose bodies don’t fit neatly into the
male/female binary. Intersectionality is when we think about how multiple identities create different
experiences (gender, race, etc.).
- Judith Butler doesn’t come down on either side of the binary. She said that it doesn’t have to be
nature or nurture.
- “They can’t conceive of leaving someone alone” Cheryl from…
Why is it problematic to use ‘race’ as a biological category?
In what ways has colonialism been both a raced and gendered process?
- Race is arbitrary and changeable which goes against the notion that it’s a biological category
- Similar to gender we’re going to think of race as a social construction
o Over 90% of genetic variation is shared by all national, racial, or ethnic groups
- Race can be defined by many things such as
o Skin colour
o Brain size
o Hair texture
o Facial characteristics
o Bone structure
- Once the enlightenment came in people shifted from listening to religious leaders to scientists
- Linnaeus Taxonomy – the system of scientific classification widely used in the biological sciences
o Blumenbach expanded his work
o He used the skull to define the 5 category of races
Caucasian, the white race
Mongolian, the yellow race
Malayan, the brown race
Ethiopian, the black race
American, the red race
He used geographic areas, places Gender, Race, & Colonizing Knowledge October 9 , 2013
First categories of race based on geography, which later shifted to
o Race is a complex and shift categorical system. Race matters.
- Racialization – the process of assigning a racial category
o It can be a scientific process or a cultural process, but it is always a political process
because it carries power and dominance
o Race became a justific