Class Notes (807,255)
Canada (492,677)
WDW101Y1 (300)
N.Madon (2)
Lecture 5

WDW390 week 5.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Woodsworth College Courses

WDW390 Week 5 February 5. 2013 Radicalization and the Threat of Security Recap: - Political and social exclusion in the German context  Structural barriers to inclusion  Pushes towards involvement in the informal economy  Importance and creation of identity Agenda: - Looking at the importance of identity within a different context and with potentially different consequences. - Examining what is meant by “radicalization”.  How might terrorist events shift political views of different groups? - How might social exclusion contribute to radicalization? What is radicalization? - Radicalization was not a big concept before. Linking people and idea of radicalization is new to 21 century (within the last 10 years). Know closely linked to Muslims. Brought to the fore after terrorist acts in Madrid and London. London bombing was a result of home grown terrorists. - The „new terrorist‟: the threat of „home grown terrorist‟ - Used to understand root causes to terrorism. Look at what happened before the bomb went off. Why was this necessary as a step? Broad perspectives on radicalization: - Two main perspectives: - Moral underclass/culture: it is a result of culture. Often echoes islamophobic sentiments. - Social integration: it is through social exclusion and lack of integration. Underclass/Cultural Argument: Ordinary people from ordinary places - Risk is seen as coming from either outside through immigration or from below from the lower class - Focused on Muslims  Due to one‟s culture and/or through cross-cultural pressure. This is used for tough-on- crime/right wing statements on prevention of such crimes. When exposed to western values and feel a conflict between the two beliefs. It is not exclusion but rather frustrations and pressures. nd rd  They often focus on 2 and 3 generation male immigrants who are recruited.  Seen as an issue of cultural identity, not marginalization. - Everyone is susceptible to be recruited. These recruits often feel a sense of justice. - FBI- looking at people with economic means, in prison, and universities** Counter-measures: - How to address the issue of conflict of culture leading to radicalization?  Emphasis on early prevention prior to radicalization  Win “them” over before they can become susceptible to radicalization. - From this model, Muslim leaders are themselves at risk since it is a social problem. Social Integration perspective: - Risks to radicalization are seen in the margins of society  Notion that discrimination, segregation and exclusion can lead to support for violence and extreme acts  Importance placed on integration of individuals. - Those who are well-integrated are protected from radical ideas but those marginalized are more vulnerable; those who are impoverished. - Integration: having a job which allows them to support themselves and gives social obligations and ties. This could also include sports and religion; moderate groups. This
More Less

Related notes for WDW101Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.