- How political democracy responds to public dissent is a real challenge. The state
is to prevent social disintegration; this is a major obligation of the state. On the
other hand, the state must allow the public to voice their dissent towards how they
o In a perfect world, these 2 obligations are balanced in importance and
- What is public order policing? Police presence is not questioned or challenged,
but their tactics are frequently challenged.
- Police are deployed in events of public order crisis, they bring the law,
communication, and force to events of public order issues.
- The police have various legal instruments to disperse crowds and protestors.
Police want to be in control of events, under their terms and rules.
- The police can remove anyone from protest events for breaching the peace.
Protest policing limits and ability is very broad.
- During protests, the police has a very broad criminal statutes for arresting and
removing people. They can remove people for singing, talking loudly, suspicious
of violent outburst.
- Police are constrained in 3 ways.
- Police are subject to internal rules, there is far more oversight into the action of
police in canada than most organizations.
- Police view their function as a public service. police are very aware of public
opinions, and shifts in policing styles has to do with shifts in public perception.
- Police also are subject to the wider political culture, the democratic government
style, conservative or liberal.
Protest policing approaches:
- escaladed conflict model. Control-focus oriented, strong show of force, and
neglects charter rights and freedoms. The “hard hat” approach, means police are
in riot gear.
o Arrests are usually quickly followed from any violations of the law,
sometimes arrests are done without any violation. Police can just pull
people away and detain them.
o People who give police a hard time and refuse to cooperate will be
arrested and dragged away. Police arrest for