WDW340lecture3sept25.docx

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Department
Woodsworth College Courses
Course
WDW101Y1
Professor
William Watson
Semester
Fall

Description
The sociologies of punishment 9/25/2013 12:05:00 PM  The sociologies of punishment  there are some assistance to thinking about punishment, by thinking about punishment  doesn’t necessarily mean thinking about (18:30)  the social. framework: what place does punishment have in the social world?  in what sense does the punishment system reflect the societies they are found, why, and what are the effects, what part do they have in social reproduction? whose interest do they serve? etc.  a punishment system may reflect male origins (from the feminism perspective)  we should understand this if we want to live in a less patriatiac society  how should we understand punishment as part of the social system?  Sociology framework: should think, but not dominate, our views  it is claiming there are certain perspectives useful to derive from this perspective  argument shouldn’t trump all other punishment arguments  we need to reframe how we think about punishment  there is something aggressive about theorizing that “everyone else has it wrong”  a sociological framework isn’t history, but it must fit in with the history prod ably outlined  that being the growth of the system of state punishment  the shift from personal revenge and personal punishment to the shift of utilitarian punishment  must make sense of/be consististent with the ideas of rehabilitation, etc.  also be helpful if the acronosims (i.e. flogging on isle of man, death penality in US) were consistent The sociological perspectives:  1. Liberal Pluralism  liberal doesn’t mean much more than centralist  has a specific meaning as account for information  they believe when analysis how social instiututions maintained, in any society, esp. in modern democratic, decisions are emerging from lobbying comptetion, in which some kind of compromise emerges  liberal pluralists do not believe everyone has an equal say in what will happen  decisions arise from the struggle over trying to decide  If you want to know how certain decisions made/systems set up, what you study is the balance of forces, how people deployed them, how out of the process of struggle, the institution emerges from  understand the process—how public support mobilized, how influential people got to talk to each other, etc.  this is what must be analyzed  imagine family where 2 partent family decided that run their family in a concentual way—with family conferences over family decisions  liberal pluralists depict it at face value  they are not committed to the idea that everyone has an equal say  thye think the parents have certain legal obiligations where there is not everyone with equal say; but you are taking their views into account  very different from Victorian ruling family, who ruled with iron fist  how do you analyze the retribution theory? talking about ways state were convelise  look at for/against arguments  Looking at concrete specific details, it demands historical evidence as to why things happened when  it doesn’t have a problem dealing with changes  you can also deal with inacranisms dealing with the play of forces? Why don’t, in democratized forces, do we have the death penalty? Why influenced what, which treaties were made, etc.?  In L.p., even though it doesn’t talk about legal decisions that a legal theory does, there isn’t a lot of reframing in this theory  Giving a story in a comprehensible way (l.p.)  we are going to remind ourselves, through the course, what a l.p. would say in regards to other perspectives  The liberal pluralists can ask “have you done when we can explain, as well as we can?”  The picture of the relationship from punishment is relatively straightforward the next kind of sociological approach to punishment:  Sociologies of Inequality—Marxism, Feminist, Anti-racism,  They are saying: liberal pluralists don’t go far enough over asymmetries of power  you have to understand society as (2:40)  From a Marxist point of view, the economical structures are the key ideas, esp. in regards to punishment  they are products of societies marked by inequalities  Share certain ideas: from Marxist historical perspective, to understand dynamic flow of history, must understand the organization of system of production, involving both social and technological ways  economic structures represent in a core of which other things flow  the world moves through various stages  crucially, this starts called primitive communism, in which individuals are in non-hieratical relationship (not a social or economic hierarchy)  human history turns into a series of moves structured by a series of inequalities  at its core, Marxist writing is the idea that the relationship between those who own the means of production and the workers in one of exploitation  there is a fundamental contrast of interest from these two groups o this, via technology, couldn’t be sustained because the exploitation would be viewed as wrong by the workers—a revolution would occur • Marx was a Victorian view point—he didn’t think there was must revolutionary potential for criminals; revolutions from up-scale workers  when they were thrown out of work, this would occur  Key idea of Marxist thinking: the idea between distinction between economic base and a super structure—political/cultural ideology  the core of society and operations of society  all of these things are a reflection of a economic structure, as they maintain the economic structure (12:00)  the idea of ideology is central to marxist thinking  not just the set of ideas he believed in  set of force and misleading ideas that stop revolutionary change o contrast to his views—and he views these as a science  Marxist revolutionary—must persuade people that their current views are ideologist and are fooling them about the world  the system of punishment can be viewed in this way  system of legal and political ideals reflect the dominant class—want to keep things this way because they are exploiting everyone else  When Marx was writing, there wasn’t universal sufferage, so in the countries he was talking about, it was people at the better end of the enomoic scale that got to vote; there were not universal rights to everyone to vote  Marxist believed that the notion of ideology helped us understand why certain people f
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