Policing Nov 3rd Lecture Notes

7 Pages

Woodsworth College Courses
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John Vervaeke

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Policing: November 3, 2010: Police Deviance Police deviance: something that works against the norms of policing. Going to talk about racial profiling Talking about police devianceincludes internal and external oversight Racial profiling: think about it in an law enforcement context. Racial profiling operates in many areas other than law enforcement per sayprior to attacks in New York, it was almost focused on African Canadians. After 911, the racial profiling debate focused on Arabs and Muslims-and spilled beyond criminal law to other contextsuch as banking, and employment. The whole issue of racial profiling-a lot of things we dont knowhard to determine precisely whether it is just race to heighten scruinty, whether it is banking, in terms of employment, hard to single out the factoror is just one factor amongst several factors. This is because the decision maker The person can find some factor that can trigger suspicision. always some way so justify it. (e.g. its not just race) U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency: criteria: acting too nervous, acting alone, or travelling with a companion, (always going to get caught then?) this whole thing is ambigiousit is hard to say whether we can pinpoint to race that is specifically the factor. What do we mean when we talk about racial profiling: we are talking about separating a subsection of the population from the larger whole on the basis of specific criteria thought to associated with risk. Singling out a particular subgroup to some sort of special scrutiny. Could be for many purposescould be for preventing violence, and crime. Or some kind of undesirable activity. If we wanted to understand racial profiling more simply-it entails the use of race as a proxy for risk. Police profile all the time-and nothing wrong with them. It is racial profiling that is the problemabsolutely deny they do that. Just of profiling---profiling is an indepensable part of law enforcement and many types of institution. Racial profiling represents a different problem all together. Lets look at racial profiling specifically in Ontario. Expand the police powers prior to 911 seems to be popular topic. (write about Arabs and Muslims) KASHMIRI: enemy others (if write on this topic-email prof) When see articles on racial profiling defined in a law enforcement context. www.notesolution.com
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