Policing Oct 27 Lecture Notes

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Policing: Oct 27
Community Policing is a strategy
Some adjectives used: preventative, and proactive.
Zero tolerance policing: reactive type and preventative, or proactive
When discussed very eras-the professional era utilize a type of police
service known as reactive policing.
For the police organization, the more reactive the style of policing is
going to be the less control the organization is going to have over the
Have citizens determining the workload when citizens have no idea
what the resources are actually are particularly because police
organizations are plagued with resource problems.
The community has no sense of what the police organization resources
actually are.
1) The first key to understand this shift is the way for the police to
regain control over the resources and being able to prioritize calls.
Criticism of reactive policing: focus on past events
We want to interrogate how valid this criticism is –by only responding
by reactive; you are not able to achieve preventative component.
When talking about reactive policing---talk about violating the
criminal codebut preventive as well.
A key feature of reactive policing is to address law violation.
It also involves the notion of setting things rightaddresses the
present and the future.
Reactive policingby responding to past events they are going to deter
future events.
There is a qualitative difference between a law enforcement based on
911 dispatch or organizations themselves determined their workload.
There is a false dichotomy between reactive and proactive policing.**
Even with reactive policing, it is not as though the police are sitting
around and waiting for the call to come in.not necessarily a past
event that is going to trigger an response, it wasnt ever just reactive---
the police do go around in their cruisers.
With proactive, it is the police organization themselves to determine
which areas to saturate**this is the difference!!
When it comes to community policing, it is the police organization that
has the plan.
What has community policing necessitated:
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1) organizational changes-in Ontario and elsewhere, the traditional
police force was premised on a hierarchical and militaristic type of
structure with precise line of command and control(in the past)
going to change structure in very dramatic way. There has been a
flattening of the police organization in community policing. This is a
result of decentralization of power.
Much more authority and autonomy is being allocated to front line
police officers. Professional model is picked up has TRADITIONAL
2) Penetration of police organization by other outside agencies. More
interagency corporation is being promoted and encouraged—as a result
of this, we see a branching out to other service delivery providers.
What sorts of outside police agencies will have to force the
relationship? Social service agencies, mental health agencies, these
other service delivery agencies they are forming strategic partnership
with the police.
Who is going to determine deployment? when we talk about
community policing what we are really talking about is were making a
statement of who has the authority to authorize action. It comes down
the question to who has the authority to authorize action; should it be
citizens or should it be the police themselves?
In the same way that reactive policing isnt only past oriented or
backwards---proactive policing is not always preventative.
It is still about law enforcement. Anytime something is about enforcing
is a law it is punitive. Punishment isnt necessarily reactive; but it can
also be proactive. Punishment is always reactive; but also proactive
because can prevent crime in the future (comes down to the notion of
Community policing is like an analytical model.
There is an assumption that proactive policing is preventative; but in
reality also just as reactive.
We tend to think of the community in an unproblematic way. Flag our
attention that police organizations recruit by self appointed community
groups; going to work alongside police to enhance traditional policing
The idea of full partnerships—between the community and the police
this partnership is to identify and address local crime and disorder
The notion that crime is a mutual concern.
Crime: exclusive property to the policing in traditional reactive policing
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