Sept 29, 2010 Policing Lecture Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Woodsworth College Courses
John Vervaeke

Policing: Week Three History of Policing: Read article of John Hagan, and Ellen, and Michael Lynch article Look at European context, and look at UK represent in Canada Go back to pre-modern policing, understanding pre-modern policing is going to be crucial to understand modern policing. Going to focus on the 19 century, this is a key time period, key time period because it is an era of much larger developments that are occurring in the sovereign state, a lot of dramatic developments are taking place. It is the 19 century we have the emergence of the modern states. Turn to salary work, (waged workers), and the end of feudalism. The state is becoming modern, all these changes are going to change the relationship between the state and the subject. When we move in the 19 century, the relationship is that the state is going to be assuming much of the primary responsibility for the welfare of its citizens. The state is understanding to provide a standard of care to the population. They have to guarantee things like protection and opportunity. The state becomes a key provider of services and goods that individuals cannot get them for themselves. What kinds of things are we talking about here? Under feudalism, the feudal lord provided things. but now modernism, now the state is providing for them. Talking things like education, healthcare, law and order, court and justice system, and their safety. In the United Kingdom, the beginning of the modern welfare state is 1911. The reason we can pinpoint 1911 as the beginning of modern welfare state is when UK parliament everyone who works should pay national unemploymenttake money for wages that fund programs like unemployment and healthcare. With the emergence of the welfare state more or less 1911, we see the real emergence of the law as a key tool of exercise of government power. Power becomes more centralized, and legislation becomes the key form of legitimizing power. The state is no longer going to beat you into compliance. It is going to legislate against you. (the state)
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