Lecture Notes Policing Week 2
DepartmentWoodsworth College Courses
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Policing Week Two:
•first assignment: post 3 articles, canadian content, and you’re going to
be selecting one so writing from article peter manning or Michael
lynch, and going to connect it to the the article to manning or lynch.
•Define police as institution, today, looking at better defining the
•Policing: is a preventive, protective and ordering technique of
•Politeuein: (pronounced politevin)-to engage in political activities
•Polis: City or State
•Denotes relationship and the state, and the political process.
•We can understanding police as standing between citizen and the state.
•Governance of security necessarily involves reference to some notion of
order. In other words, to a set of explicit or implicit normative
prescriptions about the way things ought to be.
•It is not the mandate of the police to produce a new order. On the
contrary, their everyday actions are directed at reproducing the
existing order (the normal and efficient state) and the order (system of
rules) by which this is accomplished. They are one tool of policing in
the wider sense of all government efforts aimed at disciplining,
refining, and improving the population. As such, most of what
they do it part of the social machinery of verifying and reproducing
what is routinely assumed to be the case. – R. Erickson
•Normative prescriptions: normative statements: what do we mean
by normative? The way things should be or ought to be, subjectivity.
(e.g. the police should be better armed, normative statement)
•Positive statement: factually indicated how they are. (e.g. the police
carry guns, positive that it is based on facts through observation or
based on research)
•Some sort of idea; a sense of what the status quo is that we want to
•Also true of security as well, and the police—the quote above about
goverance of security.
•LSAT—establish a baseline.
•Schools, healthcare programs also---aimed at disciplining, refining, and
improving the population.
•Not just policing keep us inline, but other things too-such as schools
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•Who was the authority to make the rules—to pick up as rules of
policing, rules of governance? –who’s going to establish the norms of
policing: it is the state, it is understand as the responsibility of the
•State’s responsibility to ensure the protection, to mediate tension
emerging amongst individuals, it is the state’s rate all those things
that are going to be considered to be posing a threat to order.—going to
be particular ideas and beliefs, not just actions the state legistlates
again but talking about particular beliefs and so on.
•The police officer is:
•An officer of the court, accountable to the judiciary, a member of the
police force, sworn to prevent crime, an agent of the community.
•A police officer can be defined a police officer as an individual who
under supervision performs a wide range of duties involving the
protection of life and property, enforcement of laws, criminal
investigation, crime prevention, case preparation and testimony, and
the provision of assistance to the general public.
•Canada’s constitutional system is quite unique. Policing falls under 3
levels of government; shared responsibility, and all of these 3 have
developed quite independently of each other and also with differing
•Government agencies involved in policing: various federal governent
agencies appoint special constables and they have power to enforce
specific statues. (e.g. fishery and wildlife, etc)
•Provincial statues there exist a power of individuals to ensure special
constables (e.g. public officials, building codes, licensing (by law
•Aboriginal Policing Services: one of the most unique features of
policing in Canada.
The role of the media:
•Where you heard of crime: radio, newspaper, television-hear from
•Do you think the source of information impact the way you are
going to feel about the crime?
•Do you feel that certain sources are more credible than others? E.g. do
you think Peter (CBC) is more credible---do you think sally
(hairdresser) is more credible?
•In terms of some outlet, some media are controlled by vested
interested. (corporate interests)
•In terms of the substance of Sally, same information.
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