Community Policing and Plea Bargain

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Department
Woodsworth College Courses
Course
WDW101Y1
Professor
Breese Davies
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 5Community Policing Two final issues that are important in studying extensively when it comes down to contemporary policing is the issue of community policing and we got to define because it is often an obscured term it is often term that is used to define a variety of police practices so when it comes down to what is community policing this is one of the best Friedmans quote who tries to define community policing in the early 90s very popular what is so fascinating about the community policing is that it is not so amenable to any particular definition but is clearly highly appealing people like the idea of community policing there is some thing non traditional or fussy or warm or some thing about the that people like about it and provides good public relations that is for police services to say that for community police is one of our priorities because we want every one to engage in because it puts the idea that the community put the fore plan what the police should do If you review the literature on community policing there has been 5 major interpretations what is means and what it come to mean in policing circlesst1 It is a philosophy focusing on the police and the public working together to influence the management and delivery of police services This philosophy is contrasted to traditional or modern policing or professional policing which is much more Paramilitary in style and it has the focus the idea that police decision making and what the police do should be directed by the police commander so if you think about military model the chief of police would be the general and the him and his commander would decide What the priority of the police are what strategy should be used and the their command would come from the centralized bureaucracy And all police working within that service would have to follow those orders So very centralized by police command with everyone following order and not asking question what he or she should do The Community police philosophy is argued that we need to give police decision making back the local police officers who were working in local communities and that these police officers if they remain in those communities should develop a knowledge what the community needs are who the community representatives are and how are the best solved problems at the local area So it is giving back kind of craving to local officers who should know the communities that they police and have far superior knowledge then the police command sub structure so the argument is that we need to decentralize police and make priorities so that they are set at the local community level The firs major of this philosophy is kind of decentralizing police decision making and implication giving more power to local police officer and local negligence then under theis that the public themselves other previous modelThe second major implicationshould be able to put police priorities They should be able to tell the police what they want them focus on what types of activities they want them to focus on it also has led to the idea of problem oriented policing so local police should meet with local residence and they will say thing that their big problem is gravity and that is what we want you focus on and then community members and police would work together on strategies to address that issue of gravity or what ever that problem might be so Very much different then the traditional model so you know that the chief is making the choice on the decision what the priorities are going to be So under this philosophy different communities might have different policing priority some communities might not care about gravity for others might be a major problem so the idea is that the problem agenda setting would be with police themselves working very closely with community members2 Others have argued that this term community policing refers to very specific policing programs so a local police might start study community consultative committees and that is the community policing strategy another police service might say we need to put foot officers back on the beat in local communities to try to establish contact with community member so they are basically saying this philosophy could trickle down the particular types of programs 3It is a form of increased social control and net widening Critics of the community police approach have argued that community policing is a term that is used by conservative police within the police unit to try to coop the communities in to informing on each other so what you want to do is come across and go into communities and establish networks establish trust but what your real reason is to going in and establishing these relationships is not to develop an new format of policing but it is actually to gather information at the local communities so establishing informants establishing a knowledge based intelligence on local communities 4 For Some scholars is that it is meaningless is that it precisely meaningless concept and that we should just disregard it because it is used and over used in so many ways that it does not have a true definition and true meaning in it self5 Interpretation is that it is also a meaningless rhetorical term that includes every new policing initiatives so every thing now come out of the police now has to involve community policing aspect The idea is that the community policing is such an attractive and appealing term that is used to describe any and each new policing initiative The 12 Principles of Community Policing in Canada as defined by the Solicitor General of Canada These are the 12 principles of community policing that has been defined however by the Solicitor General of Canada so when we look at the federal level when the solicitor general is trying to describe what they mean by community policing they have established these 12 principles 1The role of the police should be that of peace officer this is very different philosophy then law enforcement that their main objective is to promote peace and order and not necessary to criminalize the population 2The police should adopt a strategy of public consultation once again this idea that the police priority should not be set by police in isolation but they should be established with a great deal of conciliation with the local community 3 The police should become proactive and identify local crime and disorder
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