Lec 2.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Woodsworth College Courses
Scot Wortley

Lec 2 – Sept/17 Measuring Crime and Criminal Justice Individual crimes comes almost entirely from the media Interest should be shown in the long-term trends (larger pattern) - we must focus on different types of data Facts  There is a feeling that crime is getting worse/increasing, and communities are more dangerous  Despite this, most people feel safe in their own communities; and crime is instead only increasing “out there”  Belief that Toronto is Canada’s most dangerous city (the media blows up crimes that occur in major cities) o Political element to tragic situations Eg. police using the Danzig shooting to get more funding Measurement Strategies for Criminologists  Official Crime Data (UCR main source)  Survey Data  Court Data (court process)  Corrections Data (number/reasons people are being admitted to correctional facilities)  Field Work/Observation (qualitative; observing gangs)  Historical Analysis (history behind narcotics laws)  Content Analysis (document analysis: comparing current newspaper crime sections to 1970, how language has changed through past decades)  Case Studies (serial killers) Two of the most used methods of crime measurement: 1. Official Data  Uniform Crime Reports (UCR data)  Interpol Statistics – police statistics are collected from all nations to provide international comparisons  Coroner’s Reports: very important for homicides o Provided by WHO Data o Homicide is the most accurate set of reported data around the world UCR Data  Complied by Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics (CCJS) and reported by police at end of month, and the CCJA reports the findings once every year  Graph 2011: most homicides are in Nunavut o Every year homicides and crime rates are highest in west and northern provinces, and lower in east/Ontario/Quebec  Graph 2010: major metro cities o Thunder bay has the highest homicide rate in Ontario  *Homicide is more likely to take place in rural areas than urban b/c: o 1. More gun availability o 2. Rural areas have a greater male population (demographic impact)  Graph: long terms trends (1986-2010) includes ALL violent crimes o Definition of a violent crime changes that’s why we have a spike in 2007 (crime of uttering threats enabled = increased crime rate caused by a change in definition) 
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