W4 WDW380H.docx

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Woodsworth College Courses
Sandra Bucerius

W4 WDW380H Intimate partner violence  Its about gender: violence again women by men and based on gender inequity in society Vs.  It’s about violence: violence between people in relationship, and follow the same patterns of other types of violence Some facts about sex differences (IPV – intimate partner violence)  Who’s more violent [depends on the type of violence, ho wit is measures and who you get the data from o Criminal justice data: who’s arrested. Their focuses are crimes *. Men make up the majority for instance of intimate partner violence. Tends to be more serious, frequent violence (when do people call the police- when thing get serious) o Crime victimization survey: from victim services survey data also tend to show us, that females are victims and women are more likely to search for assistance. In the general population, we see women are at least as likely as men to engage in IPV, but tends not to be as serious  International dating violence survey: the questions are framed in the context of dispute, the way you ask questions influences the response you get o In Canada except in Winnipeg, women admit more violent acts/a geographical variation/ and a sex difference depending region o Some argue that women report more then men, because they don’t feel the social stigma/ some it’s not about gender but about violence o Conflict tackle scale: any study using it shows similar patterns (high levels of female regarding to male  Data from crime victimization survey- Canadian general social survey o A different framing of the question. Different pictures of intimate partner violence. o Much smaller proportion saying they were victims, and female tends to report more that they have been victims but sex difference are not that large o Over the years people are reporting less victimization then the past (seems like a decline over the years) o Fails to distinguish between serious and less serious form of IPV. The more serious the violence the more a bigger gap in sex differences  One data that doesn’t suffer form the downsides  intimate homicides in Canada. o Female victims clearly do out number male. When we go back 30 years to now there is decline in victimization rate for both women and male {crime rates in general have been going down, more services available for victims of domestic violence has considerable increased) o Research in the USA, the state that had the most growth in services for victims, has seen the most drops in IPV. Male victimization rates were also particularly lower women in highly abusive relationship had now another option instead of ‘killing’ their partners  Back to Canada: importance sex and in the similarity on the nature of intimate partner homicides. Perspective of gender says that when women engage in PIV it’s in self-defense, and would expect to see big differences. The violent perspective would expect to see a lot of similarities in intimate partner homicide o Similarities in the nature of intimate homicide: economic disadvantage, aboriginal women and men, young people, people in common-law relationship o Differences in the nature of intimate homicide: extensiveness of violence, sexual assault of the victim (man tend to sexually assault them and kill them), additional victims (kill the children, the in laws), suicide by the killer (quarter to third, men kill themselves after killing intimate partners), state of relationship (kill at different stages in the relationships, men track down the women who left them, or planning to leave/ women kill because they cant get away from them), motivation (rage, desperation, depression, jealousy).  The nature is slightly gendered o The more serious the PIV the more gendered differences. The least serious we see the greatest gender similarities.  3 different forms of PIV o Common couple violence: captured best by dating surveys/ tend to be the least serious/ both sexes engage in it/ the action is in the heat of the moment – no intend to harm the other person o Non-systematic abuse: you see all the common and more of the serious ones/ start to see more sex differences/ men more likely to initiate/ abuse that characterizes a relationship and the way a couple reacts in that relationship o Systematic abuse:
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