W6 WDW383H.docx

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Woodsworth College Courses
Sandra Bucerius

W6 WDW383H Germany Has a population around 82 million people/ assume population will decline because of low fertility rate/ foreign population of 6.75 million in 2010/ Turks make up the highest % of foreigners  Approach to immigration: not an immigration country, even though a quite significant immigrant population since the 60s,  Integration debate reached a new point in 2010 Thilo, published a book that criticizes multiculturalism (become quickly best seller), sparked the nation by controversy about the ideology of multiculturalism/ belongs to a social democrat party/main argument: Germany has become biological and genetically inferior because of Muslim immigrant, integration require effort and Muslim immigrant do not show any effort.  After publication of the book, lots of surveys have been conducted show over 52% of German population with his political views, and integration and Muslims views and would vote for him  2 month after the release, Angela Merket, announces that multiculturalism and living side by side has fail. Believe multiculturalism is not possible. Immigration:  After WW2 the country was destroyed. Received financial help and the economy was booming (west Germany- fuelled more of less by the East Germany before the wall in the 60s)  Ounce the wall was built, East Germany could not go there anymore, so West Germany had to find other ways. So signed the guest worker program (first with Italy, Greece, Spain, Turley, Morocco….). The program was steadily increasing and bringing in more people.  Guest workers all had in common a low education, and thought could accumulate more money in Germany then in there own country. Similar to Netherlands, Germany never planned to be a long-term commitment. Germany only interested in work force [Germany called on work force, but people came], and people come with needs.  Germany was convinced the worker would only stay to do their jobs and go back. They had other reason of being interested in the labour of guest workers [use guest workers to boost there confidence, thought of themselves of convincing the guest workers] without the help of foreigner, Germany could not have been reached its power it has now  Germany has a very elaborate social system [the guest workers had such a significant influence, and most of them were employed and paid into the social system instead of taking it out – which they are accused for now]  Germany now a days accused of not providing good education for children of guest workers, and Germany defends itself by arguing that they couldn’t have known that they would stay – but in fact they were aware that guest workers would lead to families [reflected in the treaty signed with Turkey, it stated that the guest workers coming to Germany should not exceed two years. But the association of labour advocated it against it]  No plans in place to intergrade those guest workers, it seemed as a big cost and wanted to stop the Guest workers. Many of former guest works returned, but a significant number stay and bring their families. The ethnic composition of the country changed  To reduce the number of foreigner, Germany impact a reward system for one year [reward every foreigner who went back with 7000 $ and 800$ per child, and families had to returned indefinitely and would never returned back and had to forfeit all there pension rights. [200 000 did this], but after 1986, family migration spiked again RuStAG (1913-1991)  Fully assimilated before being naturalized [assessed by two or three people, and evaluation based on very subjective points] the naturalization cost were kept very high, and this discouraged people from applying in the first place. Involvement of immigrant organization that had anything to do with your homeland was a seen as a conflict to assimilation.  Aussiedler: technically German. Some of them may not have lived in Germany, and speak German, they are ethnically German they could obtain citizenship any time. After the fall of the wall, the immigration consisted mainly of Aussiedler [dealt with quite differently to the guest workers]  German citizenship law (1991-1999)  the status as foreigner was transmitted through generation. After the fall of the wall, it changed and was supposed to be more lenient.  New law came into effect 2000: view slides Does citizenship and structural barriers matter when it comes to crimes rates?  Not born as drug dealers * German society has turned them to drug dealers. Foreign children face significant disadvantages on the school system.  Childe educational and economical future is decided at the age of 9/ need to graduate from the three possible school stream to go to college or university/ student who’s first language are not
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