Has a population around 82 million people/ assume population will decline because
of low fertility rate/ foreign population of 6.75 million in 2010/ Turks make up the
highest % of foreigners
Approach to immigration: not an immigration country, even though a quite
significant immigrant population since the 60s,
Integration debate reached a new point in 2010 Thilo, published a book
that criticizes multiculturalism (become quickly best seller), sparked the
nation by controversy about the ideology of multiculturalism/ belongs to a
social democrat party/main argument: Germany has become biological and
genetically inferior because of Muslim immigrant, integration require effort
and Muslim immigrant do not show any effort.
After publication of the book, lots of surveys have been conducted show over
52% of German population with his political views, and integration and
Muslims views and would vote for him
2 month after the release, Angela Merket, announces that multiculturalism
and living side by side has fail. Believe multiculturalism is not possible.
After WW2 the country was destroyed. Received financial help and the
economy was booming (west Germany- fuelled more of less by the East
Germany before the wall in the 60s)
Ounce the wall was built, East Germany could not go there anymore, so West
Germany had to find other ways. So signed the guest worker program (first
with Italy, Greece, Spain, Turley, Morocco….). The program was steadily
increasing and bringing in more people.
Guest workers all had in common a low education, and thought could
accumulate more money in Germany then in there own country. Similar to
Netherlands, Germany never planned to be a long-term commitment.
Germany only interested in work force [Germany called on work force, but
people came], and people come with needs.
Germany was convinced the worker would only stay to do their jobs and go
back. They had other reason of being interested in the labour of guest
workers [use guest workers to boost there confidence, thought of themselves
of convincing the guest workers] without the help of foreigner, Germany
could not have been reached its power it has now
Germany has a very elaborate social system [the guest workers had such a
significant influence, and most of them were employed and paid into the
social system instead of taking it out – which they are accused for now]
Germany now a days accused of not providing good education for children of
guest workers, and Germany defends itself by arguing that they couldn’t have
known that they would stay – but in fact they were aware that guest workers
would lead to families [reflected in the treaty signed with Turkey, it stated that the guest workers coming to Germany should not exceed two years. But
the association of labour advocated it against it]
No plans in place to intergrade those guest workers, it seemed as a big cost
and wanted to stop the Guest workers. Many of former guest works returned,
but a significant number stay and bring their families. The ethnic
composition of the country changed
To reduce the number of foreigner, Germany impact a reward system for one
year [reward every foreigner who went back with 7000 $ and 800$ per child,
and families had to returned indefinitely and would never returned back and
had to forfeit all there pension rights. [200 000 did this], but after 1986,
family migration spiked again
Fully assimilated before being naturalized [assessed by two or three people,
and evaluation based on very subjective points] the naturalization cost were
kept very high, and this discouraged people from applying in the first place.
Involvement of immigrant organization that had anything to do with your
homeland was a seen as a conflict to assimilation.
Aussiedler: technically German. Some of them may not have lived in
Germany, and speak German, they are ethnically German they could obtain
citizenship any time. After the fall of the wall, the immigration consisted
mainly of Aussiedler [dealt with quite differently to the guest workers]
German citizenship law (1991-1999) the status as foreigner was
transmitted through generation. After the fall of the wall, it changed and was
supposed to be more lenient.
New law came into effect 2000: view slides
Does citizenship and structural barriers matter when it comes to crimes rates?
Not born as drug dealers * German society has turned them to drug dealers.
Foreign children face significant disadvantages on the school system.
Childe educational and economical future is decided at the age of 9/ need to
graduate from the three possible school stream to go to college or university/
student who’s first language are not