10 mp/ 20 short answers/ 2 essay for exam.
Gender difference in general crime statistics there is a dramatic contrast in gender
for crime in general, except for abduction. Although there is a lot of concern about
rising crime rate among female, but when you look at contemporary statistics there
is really no worry.
Across different types of crime, there is always a male dominance.
The distribution of crime as a total are relatively similar for male and female (slide
There has been somewhat of a conversion. The gaps between male and female has
decline somewhat over the past years. The ration between male and female ratio
show that male are a lot more likely to commit crime, but since 1962 the ratio has
When you look at difference between genders among street youth, there more closely
alike. In some cases it is reversed, for vandalism and minor theft, women are more
alike to engage in it.
Explaining the gender gap in crime:
Biological theories (the impact of testosterone)
Social learning theories (men and women are socialized in very different ways)
The women’s “liberation or the “sex role convergence” thesis. (when women have
been involved in the work force have more opportunity to engage in cbrimte
proven false!) ( women still engage generally in the same time of crime over type)
Who’s at greater risk of violent victimization, females or males
Based on official statistics, females and males have approximately equal risks of
violent victimization, when considering all types of violence.
Males, however, are at greater risk of serious violent victimization, according to
For example, men outnumber women as victims of homicide in Canada by a ratio of
www.notesolution.com The nature of female victimization is significantly different then man.
Male are over-represented as both offender and victims, but it is even greater when
it come to homicide offended and homicide victimization.
When males report being victimes, they are more likely to report by a friend stranger
and less likely by an intimate partner contrary to female who report more by
Women reported much more serious types of violence by a partner
Systemic abuse( seriously attack on a regular basis)
Women are most likely to be killed at the hand of a partner
Common risk factors for intimate partner (male and female):
Poverty ( more likely to suffer)
Youth more (likely to be involved)
History of violence in the relationship
Partner has a criminal record
Additional factors for female:
• Victim initiation or participation in the violence.
• The extent of the violence (often women are “overkilled”
• Sexualized nature of the violence
When women are killed they are often subject to sexual violence as well
Often when male kill there partner, they kill there children and kill themselves- this
is not common when female kill there partner