Chivalric period historical developments: secular culture develops during the reign of friedrich barbarossa (1152- Knight class rises as new aristocracy and dominant social class: crusades have huge cultural significance during the chivalric period, political ideal of holy roman empire of german nations. Chivalric values/concepts : humility, truthfulness/faithfulness, devotion to god, generosity, pity/empathy/compassion, steadfastness/moderation, minne. Translated as love but encompasses the range from base erotic highly spiritual. Can distinguish between high and low mine. Personified as lady minne, jusxtaposed with lady wit and a personified aventiure: service, high spirit ( debonair ) Chivalric values/middle high german concepts : moderation (maze) Determination + spiritual commitment to some person/cause/purpose: faithfulness/loyalty (triuwe, generosity (milte, honour (ere, service (dienst, high spirit (hochmout) Chivalric opens up a spiritual dimension not present in the heroic: heroic was more about power, politics, shifting allegiances, empire building, introspection is absent in the heroic model.