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Lecture 1

NURS 350 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Zoster Vaccine, Shingles, Diphtheria

Course Code
NURS 350

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Immunizations for Adults
“You’re never too old to get immunized”
Why Immunize?
Many adults don’t know they need to get vaccines. Vaccines protect your health and prevent
spreading diseases to your family, friends and co-workers.
But I had my immunizations as a child
Sometimes the vaccines you had as a child do not provide lifelong protection, and booster
doses are needed (for example, you need a Tetanus/diphtheria booster every 10 years).
Sometimes the viruses or bacteria that cause disease can change over time (for example,
influenza viruses may change yearly, so you need an influenza vaccine every year).
As you age, you become more at risk for disease (for example, shingles can occur many
years after having chickenpox, and a Zoster vaccine will provide protection to prevent this)
Vaccines are safe
No parts of a vaccine will harm you or give you the disease. An allergic reaction after getting
immunized is rare.
The weakened viruses or bacteria in vaccines give you protection from disease without giving
you the disease.
Vaccines contain ingredients to make the them safe and effective.
Many studies show that vaccines do not cause chronic illness.
The benefits from being immunized out weigh the risk of disease.
What vaccines do you need?
Free vaccines for all healthy adults:
Whooping cough (Pertussis)*
*If never had vaccine before
Measles (Red Measles)**
Rubella (German Measles)**
Chickenpox (Varicella)**
**based on birth year
or no disease history
Meningococcal C
Hepatitis B***
***based on birth year
Free vaccines for some high risk adults:
Influenza (Flu) vaccine
Pneumococcal vaccine
Meningococcal vaccine
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Haemophilus Influenza
Type B (Hib)
Vaccines that may be purchased
Shingles (Varicella Zoster, age 50
and up)
Influenza (under age 65) healthy
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Meningococcal vaccine
Pertussis (Whooping
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