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Lecture 2

PSYC 100B Lecture 2: Psych 100B Lecture 2- Intelligence

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University of Victoria
Tonks Randel

Intelligence Day 2- Jan.11.17 January 10, 2017 1:32 PM Think of intelligence as being modern- not always the case  Cultural intelligence differences  Usually take our own culture intelligence test and bring them to another culture and compare  This can't be the case because all culture measure intelligence differently Stenberg's Triarchic Theory 1.Analytical/ Componential intelligence- idea that intelligence involves the use of "mental components" within the process of answering/ solving a problem 2.Creative/ Experiential intelligence- deals with how one transfer skills to novel situations (using insight, unique and novel solutions to situations)  Our ability to take what we know and apply it 1.Practical/ Contextual intelligence- the ability to take new contexts/concepts and adapt to the environment (Eg. Wisdom, common sense, social competence…) Tacit Knowledge  Strategies for success (or knowledge of anything else) that are not explicitly taught but that instead must be inferred 1.Taught Tacit (practical) knowledge: how to manage themselves, how to manage tasks, and how to get along with others  This has shown improvement in writing, reading, test-taking, homework performance Emotional Intelligence:  Refers to the ability to identify your own/ other's emotions accurately  To express emotions clearly, and to regulate emotions in yourself and others  EQ involves:  Perception of emotions  Understanding emotions  Managing emotions  Using emotions  It is a form of "Social Intelligence" where people who are not able to understand own and others emotions may have challenges in school achievement due to anxiousness, confusion or anger The Great Debate: Nature vs. Nurture  Twin studies: splitting twins at birth into 2 polar opposite regions/families  High correlation between identical  Fraternal less, siblings low, adopted siblings very low, and so on  Genetics matter, but experience as well Longitudinal study;  Measuring/testing a person at a certain time, and then measuring again at a later date and so on  Some stability- speaks towards inheritance Infant Tests:  Age smile  Turn head to noise  No relation to later IQ, but notice new stimulus does relate  School age children's performance on academic achievement SAT predicts r=.86 with later GRE scores Adopted  Become less similar to their adopted parents once they become adults  On avg. adopted children have Iqs 10-20 points higher than birth parents Faster Neural Speed-  Appears to have a positive correlation to intelligence  Brain size and grey matter also associated with intelligence and can be altered with experience (neural plasticity)  Gene on c
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