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Lecture 3

PSYC 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Confirmation BiasPremium

1 pages94 viewsFall 2016

Course Code
PSYC 201
Stephen Lindsay

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PSYC 201 – Skepticism
Finding results that are specific to a certain subject and how it pertains to the situation.
- Question what you already know and challenging
- Certain beliefs should be based on evidence; good reason s to why it’s true
- Maintaining why it is true -> uncertainty
- Nature of decisions should maintain uncertainty
Critical Thinking
- Tools to use on how to be skeptical efficiently
- Allows you to think of various variables/approach to things
Caveat Emptor
- Don’t believe everything you hear/read
- Newtonian model: there are reasons, too complicated, that the possibility is random
- Coin flips include a lawful notion but the number of variables cause it to be random
Need to know the generalization with statistics within experiments and differences
- Whether its by chance or there is a systematic may to understand events.
Humans are not well adapting to perceiving patterns, not creating them.
- Seeing patterns can be perceived when there isn’t any
- Can overlook patterns that happen believing that they are false
Looking for confirming evidence is not a good way to create a hypothesis
- There needs to be fallibility
Humans naturally go by confirmation bias
- Often its wrong and leads to incorrect thought process
Expressing ideas and falsifying is encouraged
- When falsifying doesn’t work confidence behind hypothesis grows
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