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Lecture 6

PSYC 231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Stressor, Narcissism


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 231
Professor
stinson
Lecture
6

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SELF-SCHEMAS
The elements of the self-concept that define who you think you are
o Your self-schemas shape how you see the world
Example:
dog schematic! (Dog lover)
Some schemas are stable, but some change with social context
Self is created through social interactions
o Different working models that get activated (octopus)
o Sense of self that is intrinsically connected to who you are
o When you are around a specific person, that schema will be activated
Different schemas for different situations/ individuals
"Why do I act like this around this person"
Implicit processes
THE RELATIONAL SELF
The self is not constant it changes with social context
Mental representations of who we are with different people
o Known as internal working models or relational schemas
o “Looking-glass self” (Cooley, 1902; Mead, 1934)
Relational Self in Action
Transference
o You are given information about someone you will meet
o This new person shares traits with a significant other (SO)
o Your self-definition changes to be what you’re like with that SO
Self-schemas will be activated in relation to who they remind you of
React to them through this "reminder"
Positive vs. Negative reaction
First impressions
SOCIAL SELF
Created by
o The roles we play
o The social identities we form
o The comparisons we make with others (superiority/ inferiority)
o Our successes and failures
o How other people judge us
o Our surrounding culture
CAUSE OF SELF SERVING BIAS
ONE CAUSE: self-esteem
o Self-esteem
A person’s overall self-evaluation or sense of self-worth (+ or -)
Bottom-up view of self-esteem
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