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Lecture 8

PSYC 231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Extraversion And Introversion, Neuroticism, Conscientiousness


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 231
Professor
stinson
Lecture
8

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A SELF-ESTEEM & SOCIAL-BONDS MODEL
Self-esteem regulates responses to the threat of rejection
Self-esteem is a resiliency factor
o the threat of rejection activates a neuroendocrine system
the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA)
all stress activated HPA
o triggers a cascade of hormones that characterize the physiological stress response
o Chronic social stress -> chronic HPA activation -> health problems
Driving a car really fast in the wrong gear = WEARS DOWN SYSTEM
Interventions target social bonds
o Benefit health directly
Better quality relationships help immune system and overall health
Spill-over benefits for psychological and physical health
o Benefit health by improving self-esteem over time
Improved social bonds -> higher self-esteem -> coping mechanisms and
resilience -> better health
ALTERNATIVE TO SELF-ESTEEM (SELF-COMPASION)
Video: TED Talk Self-Compasion
Self-Esteem
o Low vs. High Self-Esteem (can both be dangerous)
o Bullying and prejudice are both related to attempting to elevate one's own self-
esteem
o "Average" is an insult
people strive to be ABOVE average
Common Humanity
o the way that we ar ethe same as others
Self-Critisism
o We believe criticism is what motivates us and drive sus to be better
o Research shows that self-critisims undermimes our self worth
When we self-criticize ourself, the brain releases alot of cortosol (fight-or-
flight)
This causes depressed levels in the body
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