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Lecture 4

PSYC 231 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Vibraphone, Habituation


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 231
Professor
stinson
Lecture
4

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SELF CONCEPT
Who am I?
o How do I come to know myself?
o How accurate is my self-knowledge?
o How do I know who I am?
o Intuition (I just know)
o Automatic versus controlled processes
AUTOMATIC VS. CONTROLLED RESPONSE
Automatic processing
o “implicit” or “intuitive” thinking that operates outside of our conscious control –
impulsive, effortless, habitual
Getting vibes from someone, first impressions
Controlled processing
o “explicit” thinking that is operates within our conscious control deliberate, reflective
Downside of Automatic Processing
o Our deliberative conclusions about our thoughts, feelings, behaviours are often
wrong!
o Why?
We are not aware of the ways in which automatic processes shape our
everyday experiences and our thoughts about those experiences
Ex. Predicting Behaviour
On a scale of 1 to 10
1 Not at all likely
10 Extremely likely
o How likely is it that your current romantic relationship will last forever?
Accuracy of predictions:
Self: r = .21
Parents: r = .35
Best friend: r = .37
o So if you want to know if your relationship will last, ask you mom and your best
friend!
Correlations between relationship quality and relationship outcomes:
Self: r = .44
Parents: r = .28
Best friend: r = .24
o Why?
Positive Illusions: Keep us linked to a loved one and keep us motivated to work
to maintain the relationship!
Almost entirely non-conscious
Ex. Predicting Feelings
On a scale of 1 to 10
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