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PSYC 251 (35)

Class Notes for PSYC 251 at University of Victoria

Introduction to Mind and Brain

Exam Study Guides for PSYC 251

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PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Phineas Gage, Basolateral Amygdala, Sensory Cortex
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- Amygdala o Strong input from outside/ external world o Output Down to brainstem and spinal chord To hypothalamic nuclei important for secreting hormones ...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Sequence Learning, Underlying Representation, Synaptic Weight
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MOTOR REFLEXES BRAINSTEM SPINALCHORD Cortex > Spinal Chord o Axons form primary motor cortex synapse directly on slower motor neurons and local circuit neurons o However, spinal chord circuits also control movements on th...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Mcgurk Effect, Circumlocution, Handedness
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Comprehension of Language Speech Comprehension o fundamentally a perceptual process o Depends on the ventral what stream o Wernickes Area (left hand side) In left hemisphere only (in most individuals) Wernickes Aphasia o C...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture 18: Mind and Brain Pt18
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Ambiguity and Language Ambiguity o Examples of language with multiple interpretatins o Like illusions for perception, ambiguity and provide insight into cognitive processing of language Lexical Ambiguity o When a word has ...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture 13: Mind and Brain Pt13
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LTM PROCESSES Encoding o initial creation of memory traces in brain from incoming information Consolidation o continued organization and stabilization of memory traces over time Storage o Retention of memory traces over ti...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Sequence Learning, Pars Compacta, Cerebellum
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Ch.6 LongTerm Memory Implicit LTM o Nonassociative A change to a stimulus Involves sensorymotor reflex pathways First evidence of neural basis of memory Eric Kandel (2000) Habituation Reduced response to an unchanging sti...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Thalamus, Peripheral Nervous System, Striatum
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fMRI functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Measures changes in magnetization, using electromagnetic radiation and nuclear magnetic resonance neural activity > increased blood flow > change in magnetic field > fMRI BOLD sig...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Recognition Memory, Retrograde Amnesia, Anterograde Amnesia
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o Hebbian learning neurons that fire together, wire together When presynaptic action potential leads to postsynaptic action potential, connection is strengthened Simple but powerful principal (Eg) training images (original...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Transformational Grammar, Generative Grammar, Deep Structure And Surface Structure
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Ch.7 Language Language o Systematic means of communicating information by the use of conventionalized sounds, gestures, marks, or signals having understood meanings o The function of human language is to influence peoples ...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Action Potential, Goldman Equation, Resting Potential
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A1: Sodium Potassium Pump Sodium Potassium Pump o Active transport mechanism o Na(+) K(+) pump o Outside High Na(+) concentration o Inside High K(+) concentration o Ions move against concentration gradient Both ions move ...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture 9: Mind and Brain Pt9
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1. PERCEPTION ( start @ Hierarchical Organization) Principles of Perception o Hierarchical Organization Moving from lowerorder sensory neurons > higherorder sensory neurons Receptive fields get larger Sensory features get ...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Visual Cortex, Meatus, Circadian Rhythm
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A9: Summation of Postsynaptic Potentials Depolarizing o Excitatory Postsynapting Potential (EPSP) Hyperpolarizing o Inhibitory Postsynapting Potential (IPSP) Sometimes a single Potential will not make it reach threshold o ...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Tractography, Connectome, Connectomics
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o Cerebellum motor control and coordination, etc o Subcortical Structures Hypothalamus lower level control Hormones, etc. Thalamus information coming FROM the senses usually stops at the thalamus a kind of communication ba...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Reuptake, Endocytosis, Axon Terminal
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A4: Impulse Conduction in Axons Action Potential Conduction Requires both ACTIVE and PASSIVE current flows o Potential falls to a small fraction of its value o Injected current leaks out of the axonal membrane o Therefore ...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
PSYC 251 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Axon Hillock, Threshold Potential, Resting Potential
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HodkinHuxley Model o Mathematical Model of Action Potentials Propagation of Action Potential Active Slow, Selfregenerating, travel long distance o Saltatory Conduction Nodes of Ranvier (action potentials) Myelinated Sectio...

Psychology
PSYC 251
Adam Krawitz
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Viral Meningitis, Epidural Hematoma, Meningococcal Disease

p er m a ch a rts MT NNervous System Disorders 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Acute Stress Reaction, Abnormal Psychology, Conversion Disorder

permacharts MT Abnormal Psychology 2nd EDITION INTRODUCTION ...

Psychology
PSYC90H3
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Operant Conditioning Chamber, Sigmund Freud, Classical Conditioning

permacharts MT College Psychology College Psychology 2nd EDITION ...

Psychology
PSYC90H3
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Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Penis Envy, Anal Retentiveness, Castration Anxiety

permacharts TM Developmental Psychologyy 2nd EDITION INFANCY ...

Psychology
PSYC90H3
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