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Biological Sciences
Asish Mukhopadhyay

Urbanization A metropolitan area or metropolis is a densely populated core area together with adjacent communities The largest city in each metropolitan areas is designated as the central city Current standards require that each newly qualifying metropolitan area must include at least one city or urban area with at least 50000 residents and a total metropolitan population of at least 100000 As of June 1998 there were 256 metropolitan areas in the United States one US state New Jersey is entirely occupied by metropolitan areas The United States is an urban nation with four out of five Americans living in metropolitan areas Within these metropolitan areas there has been a dramatic population shift from the cities to the suburbs Those who move to the suburbs are predominantly upper middle class middle class and to a lesser extent working class whites Urban sprawl refers to the lowdensity automobile dependent development outside the central city Urban sprawl absorbs farmland at a rate of about 50 acres an hour in the US an area the size of Connecticut and Rhode Island every 10 years Consequences of Urban Sprawl1 Environmental Effectsinclude the disruption of wildlif
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