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Lecture 2

Kinesiology 95-211 Lecture 2: Chapter 2 notes sport psych

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Chapter 2: Personality in Sport and ExerciseSeptember 15, 2015What is Personality?Personality the overall organization of psychological characteristics thinking, feeling and behaving that differentiates us from others and leads us to act consistently across time and situationsDisposition broad, pervasive, encompassing ways of relating to particular types of people or situationsApplied to behaviours, thoughts and emotions that are relatively stable, such as competitiveness, optimism and motivational orientationPersonality TraitsTrait a relatively stable characteristic or quality that may represent a portion of ones personality; a quality used to explain an individuals behaviour across time and situationsEx. Perfectionism cluster of expressions organized, compulsive, socially precise, controlled, selfdisciplined and selfcritical Psychological states momentary feelings and thoughts that change depending on the situation and timeAthletic personality situation that causes reaction or an already established traitTraits normal distribution throughout population moderate levels of a specific trait, small percentage having low or high Trait models:1.Cattells trait personality model (1946, 1995) 16 personality factors known as source traits that capture personality Ex. Warmth, reasoning, dominance, liveliness, social boldness etc. 2.Digmans five factor model (1990) OCEANOpenness to experience trait including level of curiosity, the opposite of being closemindedConscientiousness trait comprising striving for achievement and selfdisciplineExtraversion Trait involving level of assertiveness and energetic approach to the worldAgreeableness Trait involving general compliance and positive approach toward othersNeuroticism Trait comprising feels of tension and nervousnessHow Does Personality Develop?Humanistic PsychologyHumanistic psychology psychological approach that focuses on personal responsibility, human growth, personal striving and individual dignityEach persons experiences, beliefs, values and perceptions emphasized in present momentSelfactualization an individuals attempt to be the best he or she can be or a desire to fulfill ones potentialUnderstand needs and desires of athletes, respect their perceptions and ideas and view their athletic participation in the bigger picture of personal growthFigure 2.1 Maslows hierarchy of needs pyramidPhysiological needs food, water, sleep and shelter
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