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Lecture 2

95-211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: 16Pf Questionnaire, Models 1, Conscientiousness

4 pages78 viewsFall 2015

Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
95-211
Professor
Chandler
Lecture
2

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Chapter 2: Personality in Sport and Exercise September 15, 2015
What is Personality?
Personality – the overall organization of psychological characteristics – thinking, feeling and
behaving – that differentiates us from others and leads us to act consistently across time and
situations
Disposition – broad, pervasive, encompassing ways of relating to particular types of people or
situations
Applied to behaviours, thoughts and emotions that are relatively stable, such as competitiveness,
optimism and motivational orientation
Personality Traits
Trait – a relatively stable characteristic or quality that may represent a portion of one’s
personality; a quality used to explain an individual’s behaviour across time and situations
Ex. Perfectionism – cluster of expressions – organized, compulsive, socially precise, controlled,
self-disciplined and self-critical
Psychological states – momentary feelings and thoughts that change depending on the situation
and time
Athletic personality – situation that causes reaction or an already established trait
Traits normal distribution throughout population – moderate levels of a specific trait, small
percentage having low or high
Trait models:
1. Cattell’s trait personality model (1946, 1995) – 16 personality factors known as source
traits that capture personality Ex. Warmth, reasoning, dominance, liveliness, social
boldness … etc.
2. Digman’s five factor model (1990) - OCEAN
-Openness to experience – trait including level of curiosity, the opposite of being close-
minded
-Conscientiousness – trait comprising striving for achievement and self-discipline
-Extraversion – Trait involving level of assertiveness and energetic approach to the world
-Agreeableness – Trait involving general compliance and positive approach toward others
-Neuroticism – Trait comprising feels of tension and nervousness
How Does Personality Develop?
Humanistic Psychology
Humanistic psychology – psychological approach that focuses on personal responsibility,
human growth, personal striving and individual dignity
Each person’s experiences, beliefs, values and perceptions emphasized in present moment
Self-actualization – an individual’s attempt to be the best he or she can be or a desire to fulfill
one’s potential
Understand needs and desires of athletes, respect their perceptions and ideas and view their
athletic participation in the bigger picture of personal growth
Figure 2.1 - Maslow’s hierarchy of needs pyramid
Physiological needs – food, water, sleep and shelter
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