Principle of universalization equal respect is due to all human beings.
Principle of forfeiture you will forfeit your rights to freedom and wellbeing if you treat others as a
means to an end.
Principle of Double Effect it is morally permissible to act when the result has two effects (one
good and one bad), if the bad effect is unavoidable to achieve the good effect & if the bad effect is
unintended and justifiable.
Moral agency a person is free to engage in behavior by unforced choices & allows people to set their
own goals and achieve them
Moral absolutism certain actions are good or bad regardless of their outcome
Access and Inclusion
The title IX is a law passed in 1972, in the united states, that requires gender equity for boys and girls in
every educational programs that receives federal funding.
“no person in the united states shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the
benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal
2 Myths about Title IX
1. it forces schools to cut men’s sports
2. opportunities are now equal
3. schools must spend equally on men’s and women’s sports
4. men’s programs make money; women’s programs lose money
Gender related questions o Is it fair to have a “no checking” rule in women’s hockey but no men’s? why do you think such a rule
o Is the amount of coverage received by women’s sports fair?
Lingerie Football League
o Established in 2009 as a league (2003 superbowl)
o 7aside arenastyle tackle football on 50yard field
o attire: hockey helmets; shoulder, elbow and knee pads; bras, garters and panties
o Rebranded in 2013 to the Legends Football League (now “Women of the gridiron”)
o Lingerie/ basketball, volleyball, hockey.
What do you think of these types of leagues?
Arguments in support of lingerie leagues
o Empowers woman
o Provides exposure for female athletes and women’s sports
o Promotes a positive body image for female
o Other women’s pro sports unsuccessful; “sex sells”
o Uniform comparable to women’s beach volleyball
o Free choice to participate
Arguments Against lingerie leagues
o Sexualizes and objectifies women o Discredits female athletes and women’s sports
o Inappropriate role models
o Alienates main audience, “sex sells sex, not women’s sport”
o Double standard
o Safety concerns
o Exploits unpaid players.
Racy and ethnicity question
Race and ethnicity question
What if the “most qualified” people are not being interviewed for open jobs?
The Rooney Rule
Starting in 2003, teams in the NFL must interview at least one person from a minority group