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34-129 (19)
Lecture 1

Philosophy 34-129 Lecture 1: Lecture Notes on Moral Elements

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Department
Philosophy
Course
34-129
Professor
Mark Letteri
Semester
Fall

Description
Ethnics  what’s right and what’s wrong Morality • “we can define morality as the standards that an individual or group has about what is right or wrong, or good or evil.” • “An informal public system applying to all rational persons, governing behaviour that affects others, having the lessening of evil or harm as its goal, and including what are commonly known as the moral rules, moral ideals, and moral virtues.” Aristotle • Teleology  purposes; goals you pursue • Goods: highest and contributing o Politics: how we live together in a community • Happiness: you find happiness in the world with others, highest attainable by action; is what humans aim for • Human nature o Vegetative  animals have the power to movements o Animal  a higher level of the plants, can’t be happy (a child can’t be happy because he/she is under developed) o Rational  humans are capable to be rationali
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