Class Notes (806,820)
Canada (492,456)
Philosophy (111)
34-226 (26)
Falconer (11)
Lecture 6

Philosophy 34-226 Lecture 6: Lectures 6,7 on Criminal Responsibility

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Windsor

Lecture 6,7 on Criminal Responsibility  Survival on a lifeboat: The Queen vs. Dudley and Stephens  What makes you a criminal? What are the responsibilities as a citizen?  1884  taking this boat from England to Australia o Captain Dudley bought a saxtent, 24 days later, German ship picked them up o Conversations in those 24 days: captain says we're not going to make it, someone must die o The young gets sicker, not connected to a family. Dudley ate the younger one (Parker) o Parker's brother understood where the Captain is coming from and forgave him for killing Parker o In extremis  in extreme cases, it is morally acceptable to break the law o Ex post facto law  law written after the act; this case is not a case of ex post facto law o Philosophical issue  what constitutes criminal responsibility? What are the conditions for criminal responsibility? o Coleridge  self-preservation is not necessarily in all justifying end; there are more important principles that self-preservation  In general, it's true but they might be an exception to it  Prima facie  Killing and eating Parker was not a necessary duty; thus, you will be punished  Coleridge said the opposite, argues sometimes the captain and the crew have to go down  Ex. like in war, you might die for the men in extreme cases  Captain have higher duty than the citizen, therefore captains might have to sacrifice himself for others  If we can kill people in cases of necessity,  Practice to self-preservation, it cannot work well because who gets to judge.  Who gets killed and why?  Coleridge: Therefore it was not necessary to kill Parker; still considered as criminal responsibility  Act utilitarianism vs. Rule utilitarianism o 1820 dominate thinking in Britain o Social condition o Utilitarianism  the greatest go to the greatest number o Jeremy Bentham  increasing wealth for the majority (the poor) o Bentham argued: An act is good iff it increases the general utility of the many over the few o Ex. the lifeboat example, sacrifice yourself for the greater good (survival is good) o Parker is being sacrificed by Dudley for the greater good o
More Less

Related notes for 34-226

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.