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Lecture 17

45-211 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Social Capital, Alexa Mcdonough, Diane Ablonczy


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 2110
Professor
Cheryl Collier
Lecture
17

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Lecture 17
Stalled – Municipal Representation
Substantive Representation
Lesley Byrne (2010) argues that in this case, women worked for women and
substantively represented their policy interests (pay equity, child care, etc)
Parliamentary government was not changed by the women's presence, but they
did network when they could (ex in the bathroom)
Byrne concludes that electing women (under favourable governments-- NDP was
open to women's issues) can have positive effect on policy-- especially if they
make it to cabinet
Political Leadership/Party
Bashevkin (2010) argues that based on the evidence, political opportunities and
context is more important in predicting women's success than individual attributes
Compare the success levels of 10 women candidates for federal party leadership--
only 3 were successful in winning the leadership races
oAudrey Mclaughlin
oKim Campbell
oAlexa McDonough
Party Competitiveness
Bashevkin finds that the most important factor was the level of party
competitiveness-- for all three successful women leaders, their parties were not
expected to win the upcoming election
Harkens to quote by Randall (1987) "women do best when competition is least"
NDP has never formed national government and is not very competitive (until
recently)
oProgressive conservatives were weak following two majority governments
under Mulroney
oHowever this did not always predict success as Diane Ablonczy was
unsuccessful running for the uncompetitive Canadian Alliance in 2002--
this was a right-wing party, uninterested in promoting women candidates
Women in Municipal Politics
Myth of accessibility
oFamily friendly
oClose
oPolicy relevant
oCost effective
oGround breaking
oEssentialist
Municipal Elections
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