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Lecture 6

45-275 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Meta-Analysis, Cluster Sampling, Content Analysis

by Gina

Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 2750
Professor
James Wittebols
Lecture
6

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Research methods
Tuesday, January 23, 2018
Lecture 6
Steps in a research project
Religiosity: can be measured by behavior (how often people go to church, what activities make them religious, etc)
Overview
Content analysis
Critical research
o How does inequality manifest itself in social phenomenon
Basic kinds of data
Incidents
o Measuring discourse among groups or people
Characteristics
o Attributes of people characteristic of events
o How often something occurs
o There are certain people who are more eager to participate in research than other people
o Intensity of characteristic=
Perceptions
o Measuring what people are thinking
o Attitudes towards certain phenomenon
o Surveys are helpful in gathering answers on such approaches
Variables in research
A problem in social research is trying to explain why something happens
o Change in the variable is what you want to try to explain
o Variables must be measureable (measures that have been previously used)
o Meta analysis (taking a bunch of studies)
o Use what other people have done in meta analysis and measure the variation in outcomes
Independent variable
- What is causing the change in the dependent variable
Sampling
Drawing a sample which allows you to generalize an entire population
Random sampling
o Statistics Canada
o Cluster sampling
“data supported research question”
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