Lecture 3 on Anxiety: Introduction, Panic
Q #2: Brain - hyp. Construct?
DO we attribute properties to the brain?
Do we agree what the properties are?
Q #5: Causes of problems
Systems of psychotherapy are based on theories
Understanding the assumptions about what each theory claims about the nature and
causes of disorders
o Ego psychology
o Person-centered (be genuine to self)
o Classical conditioning (Pavlov) development of phobia; experienced or harmed by
certain situation (single trial learning) PDS
Operant conditioning substance abuse (society reinforces the problems/conditions)
ex. gambling (cons: doesn’t explain the cognition, the thought of encouraging the
Social learning (Bandura)
o Cognitive behavioural therapy the types of thoughts that produces the disorders
(ex. "I'm worthless" causes people to have depression)
o Interpersonal psychotherapy deficiency in personal relationships
Q #12. Statistical/clinical sig.
Example SSRIs for depression
o What makes an intervention statistically significant?
o What makes an intervention clinically significant?
o How to test effectiveness?
Drug vs. placebo control
o Statistical significance: the groups are different with a small chance that his is an error
o Clinical significance: the treat