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Lecture 3

Psychology 46-322 Lecture 3: Notes on Theories

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University of Windsor

Lecture 3 on Theories Major Theories Systems Theory (Bronfenbrenner)  Interested on layers/levels of influence on people work  Suggests that a child exists in his/her inner circle, going out the circle are layers (where the child interacts the people around him/her)  There are like levels of influence that don't directly relate the child's layers (ex. mom's relationship with her boss)  There are many different layers that influence the child but directly relate to the child, thus there are many different factors (ex. risk factors) influencing the child's behaviour and disorder Medical Model (Kraeplin)  Interested in schizo long ago  Suggests that any disease state has an organic dysfunction (biological organic problem within the child)  The child either has or does not have a disorder  There are some biological problem according to this model (the family needs to acknowledge that there is something biological difference with the child)  Allows parents to maintain a sense of confidence about parenting Behavioural Model (Watson, Skinner)  It's assumed to be observable; behaviour must be responsive to be rewarded or punished  Psychopathology in this model is seen as maladaptive (causing problems)  Sees psychopathology as behaviour accesses and behaviour deficits  Children copy the behaviours of others  Are actually learned, either from reward or punishment  Assumes child psychopathology is observable Social Cognitive Model (Dodge)  More concerned about social schema (the child's place in world is formed through experiences and his/her expectation about the future)  Hostile attribution bias  Our past experiences/events/interpretation of events influence how we behave and what we think in the present and what we do in the present influences the future Psychoanalytic Models (Freud, Erikson, Bowlby)  They think about primary drive states (our immediate needs)  Therapeutic process o Transfers  therapist's job is to bring out the issues and help the client solve problems o How the therapist views the client is basically how the world views the client Family Systems Theory (Minuchin)  Linked to systems theory but not really the same thing  It exists in a family system (the child does not have the disorder, but the dysfunction is in the relationships with the family) compared to systems theory where the dysfunction is in the child  Chromao stasis Standard level of chaos, manners  Boundaries are usually the start of the dysfunction  Boundaries comes in three types: o Parent-child coalition  one parent and the child teams up on the other parent (child has the opportunity o Triangulation  parent use the child as a weapon (ex. parents' expectation of what the child should be in the future and ignore the child's wish to what they want to
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