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Lecture 17

Psychology 46-330 Lecture 17: Notes on George Kelly

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University of Windsor
Ken Cramer

Lecture 17 on George Kelly  It's not about reinforcement, not about learning, it's about thinking and memories  Thinking is what makes you unique  Thinking is internal but we can see behaviours  Cognitive theorists asks: what do you ignore or pay attention to? How do we interpret information as we age? Past Personality Theories  Id and superego operate inside a person; internal thinking  Adler  your style of life in which you cooperate with others  Allport  I decide what I will be and how I will act  Humanists  we self-actualize and self-realize on the inside; cognitive actions George Kelly  Drama teacher  could take on different roles  There is no reality  only with the way you see it  Role-play therapy  Kelly looks at you as a scientist; you are to control and predict the world around you  Metatheory  theory about theorizing o We have a theory, we propose hypotheses Personal Constructs  We have representations of people and objects: Kelly calls this representation construct  You're not a victim of your own autobiography; you can change your interpretation, thinking, your mind o You are nothing more what you make of yourself o You are what you choose to be o We are not victims of external events; we can choose  Good scientist, not just control, but predict what will happen  Phenomenology o What you believe to be real, in your world it is real; your reality o There is no real reality Building Blocks of Personality  We build our own personality by creating meaning for ourselves and our world  We organize experiences in our own way by similarity and contrast; entirely black and white  Babies can have an experience without a verbal label  There is harmony among people because we have agreements, we share experience, even though we all have different realities Personal Constructs  To interpret old and new information  They represent our reality, not others'  Very personalized; can have same experience, different interpretation and different personality  Arranged hierarchically; sound like values, different people have different values  Huge range of convenience  Some constructs have more holes, allowing more ideas (permeable); blocking other ideas when you already have one (not permeable) Permeability  Preemptive  nothing is in this category except itself (one thing and one thing only)  Constellatory  allow some elements in and not others (ex. stereotypes)  Propositional  flexible thinking; would consistently reassessing; re-evaluating experience Corollaries and the Fundamental Postulate  Corollaries (rules of construct)  w
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