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Lecture 19

Psychology 46-330 Lecture 19: Notes on Humanism and Carl Rogers

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Ken Cramer

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Lecture 19 on Humanism and Carl Rogers  First wave  Freud; Second wave  behaviourist; Third wave  humanist Four Essential Elements of Humanism  You are your choices (personal responsibility); don't blame anyone for what's in your life o Take full responsibility for your own mistakes and successes  Emphasized on the here and now; why would you waste time what's already happened and don’t think about tomorrow o Emphasis is not goal-directed nor past-focus  You create your own reality  Growth is about making our lives more difficult in effort to improve ourselves o We are born good people; destruction comes from the society Humanists' Four Strong Claims  There is something valuable from within  Psychology and physics envy o Make science answer the questions for you; don't let science restrict you from research  Everything has a purpose, has an essence (long believed essence before existence) o Humanists said existence comes first; you must be alive to be what you want o Your existence is the first and last thing you have  Should we make our theories universal or individual? Should it be theory-driven or data- driven? o The more you're stuck on theory, the more stuck in your existence o Let us be us What makes a person psychologically healthy?  Most people think being psychologically healthy is by being physically healthy, resilience  People look up to people who can doing things they can't do ***Instead of looking at what makes us broken, why not look at what makes us strong?*** Carl Rogers  Had very religious parents  Believed that science can make our lives better; ex. agriculture  we can use science to make our crops better  Returned from China as a very independent person because he realized nothing belonged to him  Taught at University Wisconsin, which was when he realized the education system was messed up  He thought that psychoanalysis was only to provide insights  With adler's theory o No one knows you better than yourself; trust in the client, they will find the solutions, therapist is just there to accompany them on the journey o The patient's past is far less important; focused on the here and now Basic Concepts and Principles  Psychology has to begin and end with the person's experience; which is what the person knows  What you feel is what is real to you, your reality o Natural tendency  We make our lives more difficult to become better  Organismic Valuing Process (OVP) is in all of us  a judge to evaluate our experiences; what we should do and not do; listening the inside o You're craving for something that you need o Listen to the inside voice; that voice will tell you to stop for one thing and craves for another to create a balance  Roger's goal is to expand your s
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