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Lecture 10

Psychology 46-333 Lecture 10: Notes on Humanistic and Existential Psychotherapy

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Kenneth Hart

Lecture 10 on Humanistic and Existential Psychotherapy Video: Person centered therapy  Developed by Carl Rogers  Moving towards self-actualization  Therapist believe the capacity within the person (there is an inner resource for becoming a human)  Person centered therapists provide proper condition to grow and achieve that full capacity  Very strong research base  Client's world and inner thoughts must be heard; therapist must be a good listener  Always check back with the client to double check and make sure what is understood  Also pay attention of the client's tone of voice, body language  3 key elements in person centered therapy: Congruence, unconditioned positive regard, empathy o Congruence means if there's something in the therapist is interrupting the therapeutic relationship, the therapist must self-disclosure to the client o Unconditioned positive regards  knowing that the person and everyone has the capacity to change, and to be better  Allowing the client to lead the therapy; therapist should not disturb or interfere with the client's ability to express  Uses drawings and arts to expand beyond language  Goal: Fully present and listen, help client to express, actualize themselves  Therapy session o Starts with relaxation and feel to be present o Allow the client to lead the therapy, asks the client to discuss what's troubling them o Asks client to draw a picture to express "who am I"  Asks the client to describe the drawing and the feeling (frustration in red, what the client wants to be in blue)  Tells client to try to describe the drawing in first person o Client does not have any diagnosis Humanistic-Existential Psychotherapy  Carl Rogers  Founder of humanistic psychotherapy  Abraham Maslow  expended his theory  Rogers: "…the individual has within himself or herself vast resources for self-understanding, for altering his or her self-concept, attitudes and self-directed behaviour - and that these [inner/innate] resources can be tapped if only a definable climate of facilitative psychological attitudes can be provided."  People who have parents who give conditioned love (only give love to their children when they achieve the parents' expectation) rather than unconditioned positive regard, they become people pleasers  Drawing out what is right/adaptive (innate strengths); not a focus on
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