Class Notes (835,429)
Canada (509,186)
Psychology (550)
46-430 (52)
Habetler (52)


2 Pages
Unlock Document


Therapy for the Use of Illicit Drugs • The main treatment is detoxification with withdrawal from the drug itself • Detoxification is the first way in which therapist try to help their drug abusers Biological Treatments • 2 widely used drug-therapy program for heroin addiction o heroin substitutes: drugs chemically similar to heroin that can replace the body’s craving for it (methadone, levomethadyl acetate, and bupreophine, synthetic narcotics) o heroine antagonists: drugs that prevent the user from experiencing heroine high • synthetic narcotics are cross dependent with heroin; by acting on the same CNS receptors, they become substitute for the original dependency • sometimes these substitutes produce their own withdrawal symptoms, for this then they must take it in the presence of someone • it’s usually combined with some counselling • Clonidine: is a antihypertensive mediation, may ease withdrawal from a variety of addicting drugs, including cocaine • Cromocriptine also shows reducing craving effects Psychological Treatments • Several kinds of psychotherapy are applied to drug-use disorders • Patients receiving cognitive treatment learned how to avoid high-risk situations, recognise the lure of the drug form them and develop alternatives to use cocaine • Overall psychosocial treatment were superior to those or of antidepressant drugs in reducing cocaine • Self-help residential homes or communes are the most widespread psychological approach to dealing with heroin addiction and other drug abuse • Drug rehabilitee homes share the following features o Separation of addicts from pervious social contacts o A comprehensive environment in which drugs are not avoidable and counting support is offered o The presence of charismatic role models o Direct, often brutal confrontation in group therapy o A setting in which addicts are respected as human beings rather than stigmatized as failures or criminals • Most people who participate in these groups do not achieve abstinence Treatment of Cigarette Smoking • Some smokers attend smoking clinics or consult with professionals for specialized smoking reduction programs Biological Treatments • Gum containing nicotine may help smokers endu
More Less

Related notes for 46-430

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.