PSYC 2240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Cultural Capital, Learned Helplessness, Stereotype Threat
The development of motives, capabilities, interests, and behaviors that deal with performance in evaluative situations. Normative changes of puberty have important effects on achievement: temporary drop in motivation to achieve. Development of sophisticated ways of thinking (hypothetical and logical) also affords individuals better ways of thinking about achievement related issues and enables them to study subjects that require more sophisticated cognitive abilities. Achievement motivation is the extent to which an individual strives for success. Marshmallow study: children showing self-control were more likely to be successful in school and work as adolescents and adults. Upon college entry, success is influenced equally by conscientiousness and intelligence. Fear of failure: manifests by feeling of anxiety, interferes with successful performance, interacts with adolescents" achievement motivation. Underachievers: low achievement motivation, high fear of failure, avoid and dread challenging situations, grades are lower than expected based on ability. Self-handicapping strategies: joking around, procrastination, turning in incomplete homework, method of self-protection, purposely appear uninterested in school.