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Lecture 19

46-330 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Behaviorism, Unconditional Positive Regard, Communication

Course Code
PSYC 3300
Ken Cramer

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Lecture 19 on Humanism and Carl Rogers
First wave Freud; Second wave behaviourist; Third wave humanist
Four Essential Elements of Humanism
You are your choices (personal responsibility); don't blame anyone for what's in your life
o Take full responsibility for your own mistakes and successes
Emphasized on the here and now; why would you waste time what's already happened
and don’t think about tomorrow
o Emphasis is not goal-directed nor past-focus
You create your own reality
Growth is about making our lives more difficult in effort to improve ourselves
o We are born good people; destruction comes from the society
Humanists' Four Strong Claims
There is something valuable from within
Psychology and physics envy
o Make science answer the questions for you; don't let science restrict you from
Everything has a purpose, has an essence (long believed essence before existence)
o Humanists said existence comes first; you must be alive to be what you want
o Your existence is the first and last thing you have
Should we make our theories universal or individual? Should it be theory-driven or data-
o The more you're stuck on theory, the more stuck in your existence
o Let us be us
What makes a person psychologically healthy?
Most people think being psychologically healthy is by being physically healthy, resilience
People look up to people who can doing things they can't do
***Instead of looking at what makes us broken, why not look at what makes us
Carl Rogers
Had very religious parents
Believed that science can make our lives better; ex. agriculture we can use science to
make our crops better
Returned from China as a very independent person because he realized nothing belonged
to him
Taught at University Wisconsin, which was when he realized the education system was
messed up
He thought that psychoanalysis was only to provide insights
With adler's theory
o No one knows you better than yourself; trust in the client, they will find the
solutions, therapist is just there to accompany them on the journey
o The patient's past is far less important; focused on the here and now
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