Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology 48-101 Lecture 1: Notes on Intro to Socio

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Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology

Lecture 1: Introduction What is Sociology?  It is a Science that constructs theories about social relationships making up a society.  Sociology is the study of social facts. What are Characteristics of Sociology?  Holism  Theory Building  Intellectual Primacy  Sense Evidence  Social Focus  Sociological imagination (historical, anthropological, critical)  Using observations, experimentations, using findings to make predictions  Principle founders: Carl Marx, Durkheim  Try to be gender neutral in sociology  People who are suicidal are less attached in the community/society and less involved.  Suicide is directly related to the social involvement  Conclusion from experiments: The lower integration the more suicidal.  Too much integration increases suicides  In sociology, these can bias results in research:  Humans makes mistakes  Ethical issues  We study ourselves, we have feelings and ideas which affect the research  Our selection of research methods might be incorrect  We have to be value-free Tentative explanation of social reality   Three characteristics of social facts o They are external to individuals o Everyone act differently towards different people/situations o Social facts must be studied as a thing; have to be value-free (sociology must be treated as an object)  Social workers are interested in practice; sociology is interested in building knowledge using evidence from experiments  We have social focus, distinguishes sociology from psychology (C. Wright Mills) Sociological imagination  Coined by C. Wright Mills  The ability to see the connection between personal problems and the social structure  Sociological imagination  A quality of mind which enables individual to look at society as an outsider, to look at social focus which affect individual behaviour. o Historical sensitivities  history must be established to have what we have now (our past explains many today's problems) o Anthropological  allows us to look at the diversity of our society; to compare us to the society o Critical  combine both, to find alternative explanations  Social Structure o Microstructures  patterns of intimate social relations formed during face-to-face interaction (ex. families, friends, work) o Macrostructures  patterns of social relations that lie outside your circle of intimates (ex. power system, government) o Global structures  patters of social relations that lie outside the national level (ex. international organizations, economy between countries) What is Sociological Activity  Study of socially relevant phenomenon  Specificati
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