Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology 48-101 Lecture 4: Notes on Socialization

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University of Windsor
Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology

Lecture 4: Socialization Socialization  The process by which individuals develop personality and learn the way of life of their society Personality  Fairly stable patterns of thoughts, feelings and actions that are typical of an individual  Cognitive (thoughts, beliefs, perceptions, memory, etc.)  Emotional (hate, love, envy, sympathy, angry, pride, etc.)  Behavioural (attitudes, skills, confidence, etc.) Sources of personality development  Biological inheritance (height, weight, intelligence)  Physical environment (housing)  Culture (religious beliefs, ideas, education)  Group Experience (any type of relationships)  Unique experience (experience unique to one person, and not to others) Socialization as long life Process  Primary socialization (family, language and identity)  Secondary socialization (school, role expectations)  Re-socialization (army, initiation rite)  an alcoholic goes to rehab to re-socialize in the community  Anticipatory socialization (role rehearsal, becoming parent) Differences between primary and secondary socialization  Voluntary (primary) and involuntary (secondary)  Values (primary) and behaviours (secondary)  Informal and formal organizations (secondary)  Idealistic and realistic (sec)  General and specific knowledge Theories of socialization  Learning theory o Classical conditioning (Pavlov)  Unconditional stimulus, meat and dog  Unconditional response, dog and saliva  Conditional stimulus, bell  Conditional response, saliva o Operant conditioning (Skinner)  Pigeon, mice o Imitation (language) Jean Piaget 1896-1980  Cognitive development o Moral realist (age 4-8, outcome) o Moral autonomist (age 8+, reason) o Stages of Development:  Sensorimotor (age 2)  actions are based on their senses; children don't know language and can't reason; no conception of themselves)  Pre-operational (age 2-7)  don’t have understanding of weight; able to count bu
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