Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology 48-101 Lecture 5: Notes on Deviance and Crime

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Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology

Lecture 5: Social Disorder: Deviance and Crime What is Deviance/crime?  Deviance  departure from norm  Crime  breaking the laws  socially constructed  crimes that need laws to say that they are wrong (ex. drugs like marijuana, speeding, assaults)  **it's something that people define, not the act itself (as well as deviance); different cultures, different norms Definition and Measurement  Deviance : departures from accepted norms or accepted rules of behaviour  Crime definition: o Severity of social response (homicide – body piercing) o Perceived harmfulness (sexual assault – tattooing) o Degree of agreement (murder – marijuana) Types of Deviance/Crime  Consensus crime (murder)  Conflict crime (Prostitution)  Social Deviation (extra-marital relations)  Social Diversion (fad/fashion) Types of crime  Power and social construction of crime o Power is a key element in defining deviance and crime o Powerful groups are generally able to create norms and laws that suit their interests o Less powerful groups are usually unable to do so. o **Authority requires subject's agreement, whereas power doesn’t care about the victim's agreement o If you don't have power, you will be criminalized and vice versa o Police will not focus on rich neighbours for search of criminals because rich are stereotyped as good people o Police focus on poor neighbours which are stereotyped as criminals; they are more likely to arrest and charge people from poor neighbourhoods o Race (ex. aboriginals and blacks) are viewed more as criminals  Street crime (ex. break and enter, assaults, robbery usually done by lower class) / White collar crime (white collar  people in middle class; avoiding tax, insider stock traders) o We don’t usually prosecute white collar crime (middle classes) because they are the dominant group  Women movement/power and crime against women o Rule of thumb  if something is smaller than the size of her thumb, you can beat her up Measurement  Crime rate = # of crime per year / population * 100000 Crime Rate in 2006 Canada US Murder 1.85 5.6 Robbery 86 140.7 Incarceration 133 699 **we are born clean slates; we can be criminals and non-criminals. It's up to us to decide to be what we want to be. Crime statistics com
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