48-260 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Structural Equation Modeling, Structural Marxism, Environmental Criminology


Department
Sociology, Anthropology and Criminology
Course Code
SACR 2600
Professor
Mr.George Mason
Lecture
12

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Class:
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Chapter 12_8ce
1. Describe Derrida’s notion of deconstruction and explain how it helps us understand a criminal justice term of
your choosing.
2. Is restorative justice a form of governmentality? Defend your answer.
3. Define Agamben’s concept of the state of exception and explain its relationship to sovereignty.
4. List and describe two of Hayward and Young’s five “motifs” of cultural criminology that demonstrate the
relevance of cultural criminology for critical criminologists.
5. How are offenders’ lives organized around questions of risk? Be sure to describe the notion of a “risk
society.”
6. Explain Pierre Bourdieu’s “field theory.” Provide practical examples in how criminal behaviour is caused that
can be attributed to this theory.
7. Summarize the critiques that have been levelled against critical criminology. Identify other critiques not
discussed in Chapter 12.
8. Explain the criminological research of Loïc Wacquant and how it builds upon Bourdieu’s “field theory.”
9. Explain the basic tenets of contemporary critical criminology.
10. Describe how risk and actuarialism are prevalent in contemporary criminal justice practices and how this
relates to the notion of the “risk society.”
11. Outline the origins and early development of critical criminology in English Canada.
12. Discuss cultural criminology and its contribution to critical criminology.
13. Explain what it means to be “critical” in critical criminology.
14. Briefly describe what happened to suspected terrorist and Canadian citizen Maher Arar, and indicate the
implications of his treatment for the relationship between Canada and its citizens.
15. What is Michel Foucault’s approach to the concept of power? Detail why it is important to critical
criminology.
Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Criminology 8th Canadian Edition Linden
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Name:
Class:
Date:
Chapter 12_8ce
16. What group of scholars was criticized by critical criminologists for romanticizing working class criminals as
a potentially revolutionary force?
a
.
right realists
b
.
left realists
c
.
criminal justice apologists
d
.
administrative criminologists
17. According to cultural criminologists, which of the following does “dangerous knowledge” refer to?
a
.
the urban “underlife” that hides beneath structured and rationally planned urban space
b
.
a set of acquired dispositions that allow one to achieve a “feel” for a specific activity
c
.
information gathered by police informants about marginalized offender populations
d
.
a form of knowledge that leaves no concept, notion, or idea unquestioned
18. Which of the following refers to statistical calculations of risk across time and groups?
a
.
risk calculus
b
.
risk expectancies
c
.
universal risk assessment
d
.
actuarial risks
Criminology 8th Canadian Edition Linden
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Name:
Class:
Date:
Chapter 12_8ce
19. Which of the following claims is most likely to be made by a critical criminologist?
a
.
We need to emphasize justice in the punishment of offenders.
b
.
We need a “get tough” approach to crime.
c
.
We need better ways to manage the poor and dangerous classes.
d
.
We need to provide justice to those who are marginalized.
20. According to Derrida, which is the most commonplace understanding of justice?
a
.
vengeance
b
.
cooperation
c
.
respect for civil rights
d
.
respect for due process
21. What did Taylor, Walton, and Young advocate a new critical criminology to accomplish?
a
.
to examine the structural and political-economic dimensions that produce criminal behaviour
b
.
to question how the criminal justice system can prevent crime for everyone
c
.
to understand individual instances of crime in their entirety
d
.
to ensure that a representative number of criminal justice professionals come from working class and
marginal backgrounds
Criminology 8th Canadian Edition Linden
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