Universals, milestones, sensetice period. Building foundation of knowledge
Growth spurts/plateaus. Learning is not always a clean smooth development. There are times we
are more capable of learning than others
What are your biological characteristics?
To what extent are you a product of your environment
Genetic template does not completely determine what we end up being
Genetic inheritance: could be learning disabilities
Ex difference in personality between the same parents
First born: achievement oriented, take control, leadership
Stages or trends
Learning in packages not just “more learning”
Ones background impact developmental theories
Forefather of stages of development
Kids are eager active learners; don’t know how to learn or develop capabilities. As we absorb new
information we develop schemes.
Need to construct their sense of reality/understand what is happening to them. This is done by
Develop schemes: belief systems, organized thoughts sense making)
Assimilation: blend into existing schemes.
Accommodation: new information does not fit into any scheme. Move up to a different level of a
scheme. modify, break through to new equilibration.
Simple ▯ complex : smaller children are only able to understand the simple, concrete objects they
can touch and see. Older children can understand more complex things Vygotsky: