THE RISE OF PUBLIC SCHOOLING IN UPPER CANADA AND THE BACKGROUND, THE
VISION AND SOME ACHIEVEMENTS
A. backgroundchanging conditions (181530)
1. Demographic change – immigration
1847 1.1 million came to Upper Canada 185060. Majority English, irish and Scottish. Irish were the
Great dislike for the Catholics coming into Canada. The protestant population did not like the irish
2. Social change – urbanization
urbanization was just starting.
Minority of people
13% of Canadians were urban dwellers
saw city life as a tainted social life, the moral evils of the city
prostitution and drinking was morally wrong
worried about children in cities, because children had less work to do.
3. Political change – rebellions
rebellions in upper and lower Canada
rooted in british north America was the society of inequality
people didn’t vote, government was run by appointed people
rebellion was because they did not have a representative government
lower Canada was because of cultural reasons. French Canadian community, but a british English
government. Also an agricultural cirisis
there rebellions were in the form of violent confrontations. 300 people died in lower Canada.
Thought that public education could solve some of these social problems. Thought they needed to
create better children and shape their manners and morals at school.
Kids did not bond the same with kids from other schools. Public school groups vs. private school
B. the new educational vision (183040’s) Key individual egerton Ryerson
ontarios first superintendent of educati