Anatomy and Cell Biology 2221 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Pivot Joint, Proximal Radioulnar Articulation, Standard Anatomical Position

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Anatomical position: anatomical terminology refers to this position. Anatomical planes: pass through the body which provide frame of reference in. Directional terminology: right/left cadaver specific, not the viewers left and right, anterior (ventral)/posterior (dorsal, superior (cranial)/inferior (caudal, medial/lateral, proximal/distal. Uperfi(cid:272)ial fas(cid:272)ia (cid:894)hypodermis (cid:862)(cid:271)elow the dermis(cid:863)(cid:895: contains adipose, fat storage, passageway for nerves and blood vessels. Deep fascia: dense regular connective tissue, creates compartments surrounding individual and groups of muscles and large vessels & nerves, reduces friction during muscle contractions. These are sites where two or more bones meet. They provide stability, and/or mobility to the skeleton. Classified (cid:271)(cid:455) either fun(cid:272)tion or stru(cid:272)ture : functional: immovable, slightly moveable, freely movable, structural: fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial. Fibrous joints: connected by dense regular connective tissue, lack a joint cavity: sutures b/w skull bones, immovable, syndesmoses: connected by ligaments, movement range depends on length, gomphoses: peg-in-socket joint for root of tooth.

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