Anatomy and Cell Biology 3319 Lecture 46: Female Reproductive Tract - Ovaries and Uterine Tubes
Premium

4 Pages
90 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Anatomy and Cell Biology
Course
Anatomy and Cell Biology 3319
Professor
Peter Merrifield
Semester
Fall

Description
46. Female Reproductive Tract I – Ovaries & Uterine Tubes Objectives  Describe the structure, general function and location of the uterus, uterine tubes and ovaries  Trace the course of an ovum from ovulation to implantation.  Define the term broad ligament and identify its constituent parts  Describe the contents of the suspensory ligament  Describe the path and significance of the round ligament  Describe the uterine blood supply and the changes that occur during menstruation. Function of Female Reproductive System  Produce ova  Secrete sex hormones  Receive spermatogonia  Site for fertilization, implantation, development *Note: Female reproductive system is focused on nurturing embryos, and not copulation like the male reproductive system)  Facilitate parturition  Provide nourishment for infant  Note: Also includes mammary glands & placenta Reproductive Structures  Primary Sex Organs – For sex hormone secretion (estrogen & progesterone) o Gonads (ovaries) o Gamete Production (ova)  Secondary Sex Organs – For successful fertilization and development o External genitalia – Superficial perineum o Vagina – Accessory duct o Uterine tubes – Accessory duct o Uterus – Accessory duct o Mammary glands Peritoneal Folds  Suspensory Ligament – Suspends ovaries from lateral wall of cavity; contains arteries, veins, and lymphatics. A lateral continuation of broad ligament  Round Ligament – Runs through inguinal canal; serves no purpose (previously the gubernaculum of the female)  Rectouterine Pouch – Pouch between rectum and uterus  Vesicouterine Pouch – Pouch between bladder and uterus  Urogenital Diaphragm – Muscles & membranes which support the organs/viscera  Posterior Fornix – Created because the uterus intrudes into the vagina (cervix)  Note: A layer of peritoneum folds over all the structures  Broad Ligament o A large fold of peritoneum that hangs from the uterus & fallopian tubes like a tent. Contains:  Mesosalphinx – Attached to fallopian tubes; above mesovarium  Mesovarium – Attached to ovaries  Mesometrium – Rest of broad ligament, contains uterine artery  Ovarian ligament – Attaches ovaries to the side of the uterus; continuous with round ligament (just a slight area that is adhered to the side of the uterus)  Round ligament (of uterus) – Continuous from ovarian ligament; descends through mesometrium & inguinal canal, anchors into labia majora. o Ovaries are not covered by the peritoneum, but are attached to the posterior surface of the broad ligament. Ovaries  Internal structures include: primordial follicles, primary follicles, oocytes, granulosa cells, secondary follicles, graffian follicles, corpus luteum, corona radiata
More Less

Related notes for Anatomy and Cell Biology 3319

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit