Anatomy Notes

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Western University
Anatomy and Cell Biology
Anatomy and Cell Biology 3319
Peter Merrifield

Anatomy NotesFeb 1612 The head is supplied by the external and internal carotids and their branches The neck and shoulder region is supplied by the subclavian and axillary arteries and their branches The upper limb is supplied by the brachial radial and ulnar arteries and the palmar arches The heart is supplied by the coronary artery The thorax and abdomen are supplied by the major branches of the thoracic and abdominal aorta and these are the origins of the intercostal arteries The digestive system is supplied by branches of the celiac trunkleft gastric artery splenic artery and common hepatic artery The lower limb is supplied by the external iliac femoral popliteal and tibial arteries and their branches Arteries of the lower limb Once the aorta reaches the hip at the level of L4 it splits into the right and left common iliac arteries which supply the inferior part of the anterior abdominal wall the pelvic organs and the lower limbs The common iliac artery branches into the internal iliac stays in pelvis and external iliac travels beneath inguinal ligament and goes to lower limb The right and left external iliac arteries carry blood to the lower limbs Once it enters the thigh it becomes the femoral artery The femoral artery descends vertically through the thigh medial to the femur and along the anterior surface of the adductor muscles It supplies blood to the anterior compartment muscles It passes through a gap in the adductor magnus muscle called the adductor hiatus and emerges posterior to the femur as the popliteal artery Several arteries arise from the femoral artery in the thigh The deep artery of the thigh profunda femoris supplies the adductors hamstrings and quads The medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries and the descending branch of the lateral circumflex are branches of the deep artery of the thigh The popliteal artery is located within the popliteal fossa and it gives off several genicular arteries that circle the knee Inferior to the head of the fibula the popliteal artery splits into
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