Purpose of: explain worldviews and the everyday social and cultural lives of people in contemporary societies including our own. The study of humans as physical social and cultural beings in the past and present. Edward tyler held the first position in anthropology in 1871 (britian) First anthro course in na was at u of t (1860) First anthro department in canada u of t (1936) Study of past material remains: linguistic. Study of humans as social and cultural beings. Applying anthropological perspectives, data, and methods to problems outside of academia. Attempt to access and solve practical problems ex. Making the familiar strange and the strange familiar terms: Primitive: negative connotation, do not use in paper. Tribal: used in a specific way, avoid term. Culture: a system of meanings people give to experiences they share (ex. Not all members of the culture share the same view.