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Lecture

Anthropology 1025F/G Lecture Notes - Tabula Rasa, Behavior Modification, Monism


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 1025F/G
Professor
Christopher Ellis

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Psychology 1000 Sept 14th
History of Psychology: The Philosophical Roots
Early Greeks and other ancients
Humans and Gods were quite separate from other living things.
Humans and gods reasoned about the world.
Animals behaved instinctively without reason.
Aristotle
Naturalist: placed humans at the top of a Scale of Intelligence.
Rene Descartes (1596-650)
If Im thinking about my existence, therefore I exist. “I think, therefore I am
Reason VS Instinct
A problem remained:
Some human behavior is instinctive (just like animals)
Other behavior is based on reason.
Descarte’s solution: A distinction between the mind and the body.
The Mind-Body Problem
Pineal Gland: The intersection of mind and body. (Only have one)
Dualism lives on
After Descartes, the study of the Mind became a topic for Philosophy.
And the study of the body became the topic for Physiology
Psychology evolved from both philosophy and Physiology
What is Psychology?
The science of behavior and the mind.
- Science based on observable facts. “Show me the evidence”
- Behavoir observable actions of a person or animal.
- The mind
** thoughts, feelings, sensations
** perception, memories, dreams.
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** motives and other subjective experiences.
Monism
The mind and the body are one.
Mental events are physical events in the brain.
Events in the brain: love, happiness, learning, ect.
Debate between:
Nature VS. Nuture
Empiricists
Nativists
Behavior is shaped by experience
Behavior is largely inborn
- Experience writes on the empty slate
of the mind. (important)
Tabula rasa
Deny the influence of genetic factors
Like so many things, the truth lies
somewhere in between these two
positions.
Six Perspectives.
1. Biological Perspective
2. Behavioural Perspective
3. Cognitive Perspective
4. Psychodynamic Perspective
5. Humanist Perspective
6. Sociocultural Perspective
Question and Discussion: Why did the Chicken cross the road?
1. Biological Perspective: Natural selection, eggs on the other side.
2. Behavioural Perspective: Chicken was rewarded for crossing the road, learning from other
chickens.
3. Cognitive Perspective: Thought about it, might have remembered what happened last time.
4. Psychodynamic Perspective: Chickens childhood experiences.
5. Humanist Perspective: Gave the chicken selfworth.
6. Sociocultural Perspective: Social outcast.
Answer: Why did the chicken cross the road?
1. From the Biological Perspective
The neurons on her motor strip fired.
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