Anthropology 1026F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Type I And Type Ii Errors, Maritime Archaeology, Species Problem

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Anthropology: the study of humankind in all times and places: global in scope, holistic in vision (bio cultural, scientific in method. Biological anthropology includes: paleoanthropology: the study of human evolution. Studies the earlier hominins (their chronology, physical structure, archaeological remains, habitats: osteology or skeletal biology: the study of skeletal material. Human osteology focuses on the interpretation of past groups. Some of the same techniques are used in paleoanthropology today: primatology: study of nonhuman primate (prosiminans, monkeys, apes) behavior, ecology, conservation, and behavior, human biology: study of modern human biological variation and adaptation. Epistemology: the study of knowledge: science as a self-correcting system of knowledge assumes: The universe operates according to understandable rules or laws. These laws, in general apply are immutable (apply across time and space) We can discern, study, and understand these lwas through quantitative observations, hypothesis testing, and data analysis: tools in establishing scientific knowledge. Induction: building from specific cases, recognizing patterns, and finding general rules.

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